Compare and Contrast the Usefulness of Person-Centred Approach with One Other Model

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Introduction The Person-Centred Approach (PCA) was originally developed by Carl Rogers (1902-1987) in the late 30s and 40s (Mearns and Thorne, 1999). He emphasised the importance of each person as the architect of individual destiny. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) was formulated by Aaron Temkin Beck (1921- ). He found when working with depressed people that they often used a great deal of negative self-talk around their depression, their lives and their worldview (Hough, 1998). In this assignment, I will compare and contrast the usefulness of Person-Centred Approach and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy. (A) The main features of the Person-Centred Approach PCA is an approach in which the relationship between the client and the counsellor is used to assist in the development of the client. Roger’s outlined the relationship qualities that remain the hallmark of the PCA as the ‘core conditions’ (Brammer and MacDonald 2003). The purpose of PCA is therefore to help the client regain an awareness of the ‘organismic self’ (i.e. what the person feels and the idea that the client has of what he or she should be) and learn to accept and value their inner processes. This is achieved when the therapist can provide a non-threatening environment where the client can explore those inner processes without fear of being judged (Mearns and Thorne, 1999). In order to achieve this, the counsellor will have to manifest the following core conditions: 1.Two persons are in psychological contact. 2.The first, whom we shall term the client, is in a state of incongruence, being vulnerable or anxious. 3.The second person, whom we shall term the therapist, is congruent, or integrated in the relationship. 4. The therapist experiences unconditional positive regard for the client. 5. The therapist experiences an empathic understanding of the client's internal frame
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