I am going to explore the core conditions that Carl Rogers uses in his theory of person centred counselling. There are three core conditions: congruence, empathic understanding and unconditional positive regard. These conditions are what Carl Rogers believed are the skills a counsellor needs in order to be able to support the client in their process of healing themselves. I am then going to use my own experiences to discuss why I feel that only using the person technique, for certain clients, may not be sufficient to make the progress they require on an emotional level. On the other hand I am going to discuss how learning the person centred approach has affected my personal and work life in a positive way.
The theoretical principles that define the Psychodynamic counselling approach centres on the relationship between the counsellor and the client. In order for a psychodynamic approach to be successful, then a relationship that demonstrates trust, common practice and commitment needs to be present in order for the counsellor to focus on
The main purpose of stage one is to build a non-threatening counselling relationship, help the client explore their situation and then be able to focus on chose issues. At this point the helper/listener helps the client to identify problems and then assess their own resources. At this stage most people are reluctant to change and may resist. Through positive exploration of new perspectives and constructive challenges to rooted negativity the client is able to move to the next stage. Some of the stage one exploring skills include; Open ended questioning, silences, focusing, empathy, paraphrasing, structuring and summarising.
On occasion there are self-awareness unexplored problem areas that the counsellor encounters with a client. This could be the counsellor struggling to show acceptance to the client as they are discussing a belief with the opposite opinions of the counsellor. Transference and counter transference (where the client or counsellor see traits of individuals personal to them for various reasons and experience conscious or unconscious feelings towards the other) is also a problem are in counselling which continuous training and supervision sessions are needed to reflect on and discuss supported clients. This is a chance for the counsellor to discuss and reflect on their work with a supervisor. An opportunity to explore feelings, prejudges or develop self-awareness is essential to empower the counsellor to support their clients safely, positively and
They are delivered by trained practitioners who work with people over a short or long term to help them bring about effective change or enhance their well being” (bacp.co.uk). Counselling is a process that gives clients time and space to work through their problems and understand how they are feeling and why. Counsellors are there to facilitate this change and development. (1.2.) Explain their own philosophical approach to counselling Where I am in my training I feel that I have a good understanding of the person centred approach to counselling.
What is the reason that a crisis-intervention worker needs these personal skills? How do these skills help the client? The first stage of the ABC Model of Crisis Intervention, A, is developing and maintaining rapport. Skills needed for this stage are attending behaviors. These include good eye contact, attentive body language, verbal following, soothing calm voice, warmth, and overall empathy.
Using modality is one way we have to personalise screeds although it is beneficial to use all the senses when trying to create a safe and comfortable space for a client. Modalities play a big part in personalising inductions as assessing the client as an individual helps decide which style will best suit that person. As you begin the process of learning how to hypnotise, you’ll begin to understand that there are two basic styles of hypnotic induction, and these are the Permissive style and the Authoritative style. The permissive style is the more usual style in therapeutic situations where the client needs to feel like they are in control of the situation before they can begin to relax. Attending a hypnosis session for the first time can be a scary thing because of all the mythology that a person probably has about hypnosis.
‘Compare and contrast the different ways the person-centred and cognitive-behavioural approaches to counselling understand and make use of the counselling relationship’ This essay will compare and contrast two of the many approaches to counselling available today. Firstly, we will briefly consider what counselling is and the relationship between therapist and client. We will then go on to consider the similarities and differences between the person-centred and cognitive-behavioural approaches. We will see how these two methods are used within the counselling relationship and consider their aims and objectives. In conclusion we will see why it could be argued that the latter approach is the most useful for many clients.
Carl Rogers states ‘ The organism has one basic tendency and striving- to actualize, maintain and enhance the experiencing organism’ (Rogers, 1951, p487). But for a person to be able to grow and self- actualise they need to be in an environment that provides them with congruence, unconditional positive regard and empathy. The Psychodynamic Theory works with feelings that are in the unconscious mind, the subconscious and it is about going back into the clients past and understanding the causes of their beliefs, ways they then behave, thoughts and feelings. People throughout their lives may build up shields to mask these painful feelings, but they still will affect the way the person is as they are often hard to face. These shields are demonstrated in behaviour.
In addition I am going to explore how the client might feel in a session and the blocks, fears and uncertainties they may encounter. By way of background I will highlight person centred counselling which was pioneered by the eminent psychologist, Carl Rogers. Sincerity is key to being a good counsellor and the client needs to know that the counsellor has their best interests at heart, and are without a doubt sincere in what is said and what is professed. Courage in a counselling relationship is defined as acting in spite of known fears. Essentially, courage is strengthened with confidence in self and nothing can be achieved without courage.