With the right ruler, who had ambition and had order, these states were able to grow in kingdoms such Ghana, Kongo, and Mali. After the fall of Mali, the Songhay Empire became the dominant power of Africa. It was in power for awhile until they were attacked by Moroccan soldiers. When the empire fell, city-states and small kingdoms grew. There was also the Kingdom of Kongo.
Corrina Pereira HN World Cultures Cino 22 January 2011 Western Imperialism in Africa By the end of the 19th century, many strong world powers were racing to dominate and colonize in weaker areas. This now common action was known as imperialism. Imperialism is a process that can affect one small country or even the whole world and in many cases has done as much destruction as development. Africa in particular was one of the most imperialized of all places. Following the Islamic crusades that spread through the continent, Western nations began scrambling to take over and colonize it for economic, nationalistic, military, or humanitarian reasons.
“The role of individuals was the most important factor in the expansion and dismantlement of the British Empire in Africa 1870-1980” There are many different factors that caused the expansion and dismantlement of the British Empire in Africa during 1870-1980. As a result of British New Imperialism and the creation of Germany in 1871, Africa became a hotly contested area for expansion for European states. Although the role of individuals were vital in securing a governing body in many African countries - such as Nigeria - it was the economic prosperity that opened an opportunity for expansion, coupled with the strategic factors that became increasingly important. The dismantlement of the empire in Africa was mainly due to World War II. The subsequent economic crisis and changing attitudes in colonial countries were the two main issues that caused decolonisation.
The abundance of this people led to an increase in trade causing mining in gold to increase drastically. Eventually the stable asset to Ghana’s economy changed and gold took this place and much labor was needed for mining this precious metal. More people were then forced into slavery and soon the trading of slaves became vital to the economy as well. In 1230 CE the Mali Empire absorbed the Ghana Empire and in the 15th century joined the slave trade with the British Empire. The one continuity through this change was the selling of gold.
The need to raise, transport and supply large armies led to growth in trade throughout Europe. Roads largely unused since the days of Rome saw significant increases in trafiic as local merchants began to expand their horizons. And this aided the beginning of the Renaissance in Italy. The social position of Jews in western Eurpoe deteriorated significantly during and after the Crusades. The crusades affected western culture because of their biblical practices that threatened it.
The British involvement in Africa was down to economic reasons; this is clear throughout the time period as most events which take place in Africa can be linked back to economy. One of the most important ecological was the purchase of 44% of the shares in the Suez Canal, these became available when the leader of Egypt; Khedvie Ismali became bankrupt and had to be bailed out. Disraeli bought the Egyptian shares in the canal for £3,976,582 in 1875. The purchasing of these shares was important as it gave Britain influence over this area, but also it opened a direct trade route with India. Due to British and French influence in the area, Britain and France assume dual control of Egypt’s finances.
Not only were he rulers were extremely wealthy but they were also black. “Although the history of this country goes back to the seventh century, it owes its fame to two men – Sundiata Keita and Mansa Musa. Keita transformed the small state into a great empire. Musa, the most celebrated ruler of the ancient Sudan, came to power in 1307 and put together one of the greatest countries of the world. Musa is best known for a pilgrimage he made in Mecca in 1324.
During the occupation of British in India, they made a lot of profits due to the abundant resources in India. After British left, a civil war broke out in India. This was a fight between the Hindus and Muslims of India which ultimately led to the creation of India and Pakistan as two separate countries. I believe the British Imperialism hurt India and its people. The British Imperialism hurt Indian and its people because the British using India’s resources and living off the profits that were gained from there.
Andy Bartlett 11-19-06 DBQ Imperialism in Africa In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries European imperialism caused its countries to divide up the rest of the world, each country claiming bits as its own. Due to its large amounts of resources, Africa was one of the main areas in which European nations established colonies. Imperialism in Africa had both positive and negative results for not only the Africans in the colonies, but the European colonizers as well. Some positive effects on Africans were that they were provided with security by their ruler and new technology was brought to them. Some negative effects from them were the Africans loss of freedom, slavery, the loss of their land and natural resources to the colonizer, and a decrease in African nationalism.
This helped Britain gain such a large Empire because by fighting and winning these wars they gained more of the land and more power over the people, it gives them more money and riches and they show themselves as the dominant country. They were able to then go and gain the other sections of India. Another way Britain gained such a large Empire was through trade. For example when the EIC (East Indian Company) started to trade in India they made money for the army and Britain as a whole, they also gained the trust of the people by trading fairly, and they got well paid in crates of spices, calico, gems and silk by the princes and Maharajas of India when the British helped them fight their battles. This helped Britain gain such a large Empire because by trading they got money and power so that they could send out exploration ships and armies to go to other countries and take it.