When Abigail was talking to Proctor she says “She is telling lies to about me! She is a cold sniveling woman, and you bend to her!”(Page 15, act one) she is basically showing her jealousy towards his wife. This stirred up the witch trials because Abigail wanted to be with Proctor and she would do just about anything. The fact that John proctor realizes all of his flaws and confesses to all of his sins is another reason why he can be considered a tragic hero. When Proctor had to go to the court to get his wife out of being accused of upholding witchcraft he eventually confess to his sins he committed.
When john takes Mary to the court so she can testify against the girls they think it’s a bit suspicious. When the girls are brought into the court they accuse Mary of bewitching them. John gets fed up and he confesses to his affair with Abigail to prove that she is not a goodly person and that she is jealous of his wife. Elizabeth is brought to the court to prove of what john is saying is true but because of her kindness and her love for her husband she lies to protect his name. Abigail and the girls pretend Mary is bewitching them again which make Mary breakdown and accuse john of being a witch.
In the 1950's, however, people were terrified of the red Communists coming to take over their beloved country. Senator McCarthy was the one taking out other people in the govornment that he suspected to be a communist via inprisonment. The witch trials and McCarthyism started differently as well, for one started with a group of young girls' voodoo practice and the other started when senator McCarthy was trying to win an election and took advantage of the peoples feelings toward the "Red scare." A lot of the evil things McCarthyism did were private and behind closed govornment doors. During the Salem Witch Trials the accused people were forced to make a public confession and be killed in front of their family and friends.
Without even giving the accused a chance to speak suspicion is already place upon their allegiances. This lead to the practice of blacklisting, which is the deliberate action of denying employment. Miller satires this in his play by the cruel and uncaring behavior with which the accused are treated with. They are badgered and threatened to confess to crimes they did not commit. The judges and officials refuse to listen to any defense and assume they are guilty and are just lying.
In the United States, there were worries of Communism infiltrating the government; however, in the Salem community, there were worries of witchcraft being practiced in the town. Secondly, McCarthyism was used within both communities since, in the 1950’s, the United States were on the edge for Communism and accusing citizens without any proof; moreover, in Salem, the townspeople were very alert for any sign of witchcraft, which led to following any accusation that were said, even if there wasn’t any proof. After World War 2 ended in September 2nd, 1945, the United States were scared that Communism was supported by their citizens, even by people in the United States government. Arthur Miller describes the United States’ paranoia as that, “it [fear]” has “always” been “with us, “this anxiety, sometimes directed toward foreigners”
The first reason is that because Abigail Williams is extremely manipulative and vindictive. Abigail tries to get Procter to pity her saying, “You loved me, John Proctor, and whatever sin it is, you love me yet! John, pity me, pity me!” (Miller 22). Abigail wants Procter to pity and give her what she wants, regardless that his wife caught them once and can catch them again. Another reason their relationship is dangerous is that if John Procter were to prosecute against Abigail Williams saying that she is in fact a witch, Abigail Williams could very easily tell the entire town that she and Procter have been having an affair to get revenge on him.
The witch hunt led to Abigail having a destructive power trip. She controlled the town with fear. She acted as a ringleader to a bunch of scared girls. “Let either of you breathe a word, or the edge of a word, about the other things, and I will come to you in the black of some terrible night and I will bring a pointy reckoning that will shudder you.” (Miller 20) She controlled them and used the Court Officials to do her deeds. She not only acted as a tyrant but she pulled other people into her mess.
So now we’ll talk about affairs and how people get revenge. In The Crucible, Mr. Proctor had an affair with a young lady. It made John look bad, so he started to ignore Abigail by telling her to leave and that he was mad at her. When she wouldn’t leave he pushed her away. For revenge she accused John’s wife, Liz, of being a witch.
Abigail says Elizabeth Proctor was with the devil. She claims that Elizabeth makes little dolls called poppets and uses them to inflict pain on others. She frames Mrs. Proctor by putting a needle in the newly made poppet and pretending it is really hurting herself. Elizabeth is now thought to be a witch. Afterwards, Abigail's friend, Mary Warren, tells the court that everything was made up.
“How does Arthur Miller suggest that the tragedy of The Crucible is caused by people making problems of human nature for the work of the devil?” The Crucible is a heart-wrenching play based around trust, love and the choice to lie for a good or worse cause. We witness innocent individuals being locked up and hung for the accusations they are witches. In 1962, when this play was set the people of Salem blamed the work of human nature for the work of the devil because they knew no better. Human Knowledge was far from where it is today, and due to the lack of knowledge during this era, people were forced to believe in the work of the devil, purely because they knew no better. As humans weather we like it or not, we always need something to believe in.