Compare and Contrast the Mayans and Incas

312 Words2 Pages
4th Quarter Essay The Mayans and Incas were two civilizations that lived in Latin America during the middle ages. It is hard to overlook the fact that they had remarkable similarities, but also some differences. There are many similarities, culturally, between them. However, they also had many differences technologically. The Mayans and Incans were very similar culturally. An emperor ruled the civilizations, beneath him was the nobles and priests and following them was the merchants and artisans and at the very bottom were the serfs. Both the Incans and Mayans valued their religion very strongly and they both were polytheistic, meaning they believed in many gods. The people sacrificed human and animal blood in rituals because they believed that their gods were nourished by blood. Agriculture was also a very important role in the Mayan and Incan civilizations. They used a system called the Terrace system. This system helped decrease erosion and surface run-off and are affective for growing crops requiring much water. Despite their many similarities, they also had differences. The Mayans had a writing system which was Hieroglyphics, however the Incans did not. Although the Incans did not have a written language they had a verbal language called Quechua. The Incans had a road system that transported goods and ideas, however, the Mayans did not develop a road system and it slowly declined due to slow technological advancements. The Mayans were able to record history because they had invented hieroglyphics. The Incans were not able to because they had no written language which led to the lack of knowledge about this civilization. The Mayans and the Incans, both, grew technologically and culturally but in their own ways. They were contrasting technologically but had similar cultural beliefs. At the end they were both very successful civilizations in the Middle
Open Document