Compare and Contrast Piaget's and Vygotsky Theories of Cognative Development in Children?

1934 Words8 Pages
Compare and contrast Piaget’s and Vygotsky’s theories of cognitive development in children? Cognitive development is the progress of our skills as learners, also involved the process of thinking as well as mental activity for example attention, and problem solving. The cognitive development explains how individuals obtain and build up knowledge of themselves and their world. Jean Piaget was first to proposed the theory of cognitive development. Approach towards the theory of cognitive development was carryout by many others psychologist including lev vygotsky. The research of Piaget and vygotsky had a massive impact on education and also has assisted educators to discover the appropriate way of teaching children. In the essay I will compare and contrast the theories of jean piaget and lev vygotsky, then will evaluate the essay in understanding of child’s development by writing about the usefulness of both theories. Jean Piaget has been the most influential theorist in the field of cognitive development .According to Piaget child’s cognitive development occurs in four stages: Sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operations, and formal operations (Martin, Carlson, Buskist 2010 P. 508). As far as the theory has four stages, thus theory is called a Piaget stage theory. From the birth to the age of two years the infants are in the first stage called sensorimotor. In that stage children’s are finding connections among their bodies and the environment, also by senses and movements, they experiences their own world. In the latter part of first period, the development of object permanence occurs in which the infant has a clear knowledge of object existence. That an object exists even if it’s not in their vision (Martin, Carlson, Buskist, 2010 P.508). The second period is called preoperational stage. Infants go through this stage between the age of two to seven.
Open Document