Compare and Contrast Perspectives of John B Watson

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Compare and contrast the perspectives of John B. Watson and B.F. Skinner with that of Edward C. Tolman PSY/310 Although the ideas of John B. Watson, B.F. Skinner and Edward C. Tolman all have merit, there was a radical element to some of these perspectives which made them somewhat unacceptable in their day, not to mention unethical then, and now. However, each of the famous psychologists has contributed invaluable knowledge in the form of behavioral theories that have helped form the basis of behavioral research and therapy in the present day. For some, like John B. Watson, the method of discovery was purely observational, for others, the explanation of certain behaviors was a little more complicated. For John B. Watson, the idea of psychological research based on introspection was a ridiculous notion. Watson argued that results based on anything other than visual observation could not possibly be accurate, and therefore could not be replicated in the future (Goodwin, 2007). He argued that the idea of perception was purely subjective, and only his brand of observable data could be relied on for future reference. Watson was a man of unshakable conviction. In addition, some of his experiments were looked upon unfavorably; but his brand of behaviorism was one that helped build a strong foundation for behavioral psychology. According to Watson, no research could be considered valid if the introspective method of validating behavior was used. He scoffed at the idea of using untrained people who pondered their own thoughts and placed them in record, as research that was bound to be a failure. Watson decided that it was time to “turn to behavior as the data to be observed” (Goodwin, 2007, p. 343). Watson made it his

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