‘Outline and explain ways in which data about crime is collected’ Crime can be defined as deviant activities that break the law in any particular society. Finding out how much crime takes place isn’t easy, and attempts to measure crime can prove misleading. This doesn’t mean that crime statistics aren’t affective, but it does mean that no single measure can be fully relied upon. Many sociologists see crime statistics as a social construction, as collecting crime data is a result of the cultural expectations of society, and by understanding who commits crime and what sorts of crimes are committed, we can get a clearer picture of why people commit crime in the first place. Different sociologists have presented different theories and concepts to explain what drives a person to commit a crime, and research and statistics give us an idea of the type of crimes committed and the places that they’re most likely to occur.
They both argue that ‘nothing works’ right realists are more concerned with solving crime rather than understanding the causes. As detailed in item a, right realism favours increasing the cost paid by those who commit crimes by for example giving harsher sentencing. Right realists such as James Wilson and Richard Herrnstien put forward a biosocial theory of crime. They believe that criminal behaviour is made up of biological and social factors. They believe that people may be biological more attracted to committing crime than others for example, they believe traits such as aggression and risk taking are inborn in the person and this causes them to commit crimes.
A juvenile would be more likely to commit a delinquent act or crime because many of these factors in the strain are things that they can not control or get away from, if an adult is a bad relationship they have the option to leave and get away from that person but a juvenile doesn’t always have that option many times they are forced to stay in places and deal with whatever the strain is and this causes an excess of strain which in turn causes delinquent behavior. Also being
Using materials like anti-climb paint or neighbourhood watch schemes they make the target harder to achieve, or more risky. This process is called target hardening. An advantage of this is that it directly influences the criminal by allowing them to stop and think about the real consequences to their actions. Another concept that right realists believe should be implemented is a zero tolerance policy. A zero tolerance policy is a tough system of policing that was put into practice in New York, USA, in which even minor offences are punished.
All these determinates are examples of how social and economic factors influence the general crime rates. Once a person weighs the benefits and the possible consequences of a potential criminal act, they are capable to make their choice. Deterrence is what helps make the consequences outweigh the benefits of a probable crime. General deterrence offers swift and certainty of punishment, specific deterrence makes sure that criminals that are punished severely enough they do not repeat. These two deterrence methods offer somewhat of a solution to the negative approach of the choice theory; if the individual is able to be deterred they will be able to make a more rational
In other cases some criminals are born with the lack of humility, which is the ability to put yourself in the situation of the person who you are doing harm to. These people are considered sociopaths. Another theory called the rational choice theory states that everyone has their own thoughts and emotions for which they commit their crimes weather to improve their living standards or to avoid hardships. Intelligence can play a huge role in the mind of a criminal; this is considered the nature theory. A person who does not know any better is much more likely to commit a crime then a well educated person, although this
First off, this would increase illegal immigration. If immigrants from other countries see that illegal immigrants in the US can get citizenship, then they are just going to come here illegally rather than wait for the long hard process of legal immigration. Second, we would be rewarding criminals. People living in the United States have to pay for there crimes, should illegal immigrants too? By giving undocumented immigrants citizenship we would be rewarding criminals.
The three strikes law was implemented in 1993, it was created to act as a strong deterrent as well as to identify and incarcerate habitual offenders by enforcing minimum sentence lengths. The advocates of the law propose that it keeps violent and serious criminals behind bars therefore reducing crime rate. Those opposed suggest it overfills our prisons with aging criminals that eventually hamstring our economy. Overall I believe the three strikes law does more good than harm, and Ill examine articles that go deeper into these matters. According to Eugene H. Methvin, a large portion of violent crime can be prevented with an effective strategy of identifying and incarcerating the individual, keeping him/her off the streets; saving society much
As argued, social disorganization and organized crime possibly will result in having similar economic, political and social objectives. As a matter of fact, street gangs may perhaps be ultimately evolution to something huge as organized crime and corrupt political objectives go into its development. With that being said, thoughtful organized crime from the judgment of corrupt political machine and well-known social disorganization may perhaps be significantly soothed to comprehend detailed characteristic concerning
And if they think they need the benefit or if the gain is much more then the punishment, then they will probably choose to do the crime. And there is also the sociological theory. This means that people are committing crimes because of their environment. What I mean by this is, people that live in areas like the government projects or low-income housings, do not have a lot of money so they resort to maybe selling drugs. They probably choose to do so because this kind of enviornment are flooded with drugs and they can be easily bought or sold to make money.