Compare and Contrast of Life Span Theorists: Sigmund Freud, Erik Erikson, James Marcia and Urie Bronfenbrenner

893 Words4 Pages
The study of changes in the pattern of behavioral stability as well as growth taking place in the developmental process of individuals, can be referred to as lifespan development. The lifespan perspective upholds the occurrence of vital adjustments during the cycle of development in every individual. In accordance to Lifespan perspective, these changes and growth in the course of advancement are engineered by sociocultural, biological and individual factors. The Benefactor of the treatment of psychological problems (Sigmund Freud), believes that a significant way in helping restore his patient’s psychological health could be by interacting with his patients about their problems. Psychoanalysis was sprung up and dully applied as a psychological problem solving method by Sigmund Freud. Nevertheless, Psychoanalysis indicates that development are completely dependent on the comatose mind. Psychoanalysis holds that early life know-hows are very important in development. In the process of talking to his patients about their problems, Freud realized that their problems were an offshoot of their experiences in life. According to Sigmund Freud, as children grow up pleasure and sexual impulses shifts from the mouth to the anus and gradually shifts to the genitals. Freud later came to the conclusion that human passes through five stages of psychosexual development. Moreover, Erik Erikson amended Sigmund Freud’s theory because he assumed Freud misjudged some areas of human development. Erikson stated that human beings develop in psychosocial stages. The most important mode of motivation for human behavior is sexual in nature, According to Freud’s theory, on the other hand Erikson’s theory depicts that human motivation is influenced by human’s interaction with other people and social experiences. Sigmund Freud’s theory show that human’s essential personalities are
Open Document