As Buddhism spread from India to China beginning in the first century C. E., it had many different and varying responses. Many Chinese accepted Buddhism and defended its policies while others criticized Buddhism’s absence from past texts and used it as a scapegoat for political and social problems. Still others remained indifferent, wishing to meld the aspects of belief systems in China to create a unique Chinese culture. Documents 2 and 3 defend and support Buddhism in China, while documents 4 and 6 criticize it and discourage its spread. Documents 1 and 5 neither encourage nor discourage the religion’s spread, but provide a different perspective on how it should be dealt with.
Compare and Contrast Essay: Buddhism and Christianity There are numerous similarities and differences between the spread of Christianity and Buddhism from their origins. One difference would be that Buddhism began much earlier than Christianity. Buddhism was founded in the 6th century BCE and Christianity was founded in the 2nd century CE. One of the major similarities would be that both of these religions appealed to the lower classes because they were religions of salvation. This is because people of the lower class had something to look forward to in the afterlife.
The only gender different might be that Buddhism had nuns and monks but they apply to making sure nuns are getting a chance to move up and take full vows is being worked and problems are being re-evaluated, with His Holiness the Dali Lama working diligently to assure equality is being met. In Buddhism men and women are different, so the Buddha laid out different guidelines and monastic rules accordingly. In terms of the philosophy behind Buddhism, men and women are considered equals, this is similar to Daoism because they also said yang stands for the men and yin stands for the
Although Buddhism and Christianity were different in that Buddhism spread nonviolently due to Buddhism Principles, while Christianity spread violently through invasions due to the spread of the religion to different regions . They were more similar in that both religions expanded and grew larger after the conversion of powerful political leaders because political rulers of different empires sent missionaries to foreign lands to spread the religion. They were also more similar in that both religions spread along the silk road because the movement of people and ideas along the silk road led to cultural diffusion. Buddhism spread nonviolently through the movement of monks and missionaries along the silk road. The missionaries that were sent by Ashoka Maurya wanted to spread their religon in a peaceful way, so they don’t disobey Buddhism philosophy.
In the same way that Jews have to obey their ten commandments, Buddhists have to comply with the Noble Eightfold Path. These mandates are very similar to the Ten Commandments the Jews respect, just that the Noble Eightfold Path involves only eight of them. Although Judaism and Buddhism have several similarities they also share some distinctions. Judaism, in contrast of Buddhism does not believe in being reincarnated. Jews are to dedicate there life with God even after ones death.
Rotation 3 10 October 2011 “Islamic Women versus Christian Women in the Middle Ages” Women have not always had the rights and positions that they do in today’s society. In the middle ages, Islamic and Christian women had very few rights, and held little religious or political status. Downsides for women in both religious factions were that they were subordinate to the males of their region, could not own property, and were lucky if they received higher education. Women had little to no religious status, but most could pray. Political status for women was possible, but only for those who were in the upper class and were important to society.
The Responses to the Spread of Buddhism in China After Buddhism spread to China from India, many people began converting to Buddhism because it gave them a meaning in life during the period of instability and disunity after the collapse of the Han Dynasty as shown in Document 2. The Chinese at first welcomes Buddhism, as it gave them support during political instability and disunity, but as political relations improved, the government saw Buddhism as a threat to their power and moved to get rid of it. During the Tang Dynasty, Buddhism threatened the power of the nobility and they rose up to disclaim it as shown in Document 6; however not many people were the emperor of China so this wouldn’t effective give a good representation of the responses shown by the majority of the Chinese citizens. After the collapse of the Han Dynasty, there was people who needed more than just Confucianism to give them meaning in their life, Buddhism was then spread to China through merchants and missionaries. In China, among the many classes of Chinese social structure, they show positive responses to the spread of Buddhism as seen in Documents 1,2,3, and 5.
The forming of towns and communities together with their strict beliefs, lead to this superior number of Puritans. Because the land in the North was mostly infertile, people moved there to live their religious beliefs rather than for economic reasons which was the case in the South. Rhode Island, founded by the outcast Roger Williams, was the only colony that established complete religious freedom (also for Catholics and Jews) in New England. The Middle colonies had a remarkably high religious tolerance and democratic control; however, Jews and Catholics were not allowed to vote, due to pressure from London. This area was mostly inhabited by Quakers, that saw no threat from other religious groups.
Comparison Between Hinduism and Christianity Hinduism - Differences Believe in/worship three idols: Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva Each of the three idols stand for something different: creation, preservation, and destruction Have four holy books Believe in reincarnation after death until maksha (release) Believe that Brahman is their eventual fate Believe that through yoga and forsaking things such as material items, money, and emotions that you will reach Brahman Religion ties in with social classes Believe in atman. Atman is the part of everyone that is pure and divine. Atman is the part of you that goes to Brahman. Sin is committed against ones self and karma Believe that they are a part of Brahman Both religions have many aspects that make them both similar to each other. Some of these similarities include being religions of salvation, believing in a higher power/God, and the belief in being moral humans.
First off, when the Buddhists think of suffering, they refer to the Four Noble Truths. The Four Noble Truths explain the nature of the Dukkha, which means suffering. The Dukkha is often indicates a lack of satisfaction and a sense of things never measuring up to what they were supposed to be. The Buddhists believe that suffering is related to stress and anxiety .The Four Noble Truths are: 1) Life means suffering, 2) The origin of suffering is attachment, 3) The cessation of suffering is attainable, 4) The path to the cessation of suffering. They each have their own meanings.