A particular Marxist view of the relationship between crime and social class is known as criminogenic capitalism. For Marxists, crime is inevitable in capitalism because capitalism is criminogenic. Capitalism is based on the exploitation of the working class – that is, on using them as a means to and end (profit), whatever the human cost of doing so. It is therefore particularly damaging to the working class and this may give rise to crime. Firstly Marxists believe that poverty may mean that crime is the only way the working class can survive therefore this results in the form of a relationship between crime and social class.
Technological advancements, quality of everyday life, and poor working conditions became major issues raised by the growth of Manchester, and people reacted to these issues in both negative and positive ways. Manchester became a hub of technological advancements, causing both positive and negative effects on everyday life. As seen on the maps in Document 1, in the course of a hundred years, Manchester's size more than tripled. Canals and railroads were built and much more area was being developed. This would mean a much larger population working in factories and more people easily able to move to Manchester to work.
Assess the usefulness of Marxist approaches to an understanding of crime and deviance in contemporary society Marxist criminologists argue that the state passes laws which support ruling-class interests, and maintain its control and power over the subject class. They put forward the view that laws do not reflect value consensus, but instead reflect the values of ruling class ideology. Therefore, laws work towards false class consciousness, as laws only benefit the ruling minority. Many Marxists also argue that there are a vast number of laws protecting property, and Snider (1993) argued the state is often reluctant to pass laws which might threaten profitability. She also argued capitalist states often pour large amounts of money into attracting business; for example offering new investors tax concessions and grants.
It wasn’t until shortly after his death that Karl Marx’s ideology began to significantly influence socialist movements. Although relatively unknown during his lifetime he has become one of the fundamental economic and sociological figures of the modern era. Many of his theories and insights into the way society functions are still relevant in the expanding capitalist society that exists today. Marx was very critical of capitalism and the division in society between the bourgeoisie and proletariat classes, attempting to highlight the injustice and exploitation of the working class by the wealthy upper and middle class. Marx predicted that capitalism within a socioeconomic system would inevitably create internal tensions between social classes leading to its demise and replacement by a new system, communism.
Marxism sees religion as a feature which is only relevant in a society based on class division I.E the ruling classes and the working classes. They believe that with the beginning of true communism after the social revolution religion, in classless society will disappear. Marxists believe that religion and the institutions linked with it such as churches and the education system is controlled by the same ruling classes which control economic production. They argue that religion as a belief system distorts people’s perception of reality in such a way that benefits the ruling class. For
To begin, Marx and Smith both disagreed about the idea of who should run the government: the commoners, or the wealthy. Karl Marx believed that the capitalist class was only paying the commoners very little amounts of money while they took a majority of the profits for themselves. Marx wanted everyone to have an equal amount of money so that all of the labor done in a society will be evenly distributed throughout and no one will be cheated for how much labor they have done. Although this could have some bad consequences, for example if one man works hard every day at work compared to a man who barely shows up for work and when he does, he does little work, they both get paid the same. This is quite unjust.
From this perspective, the innovation of the power loom was a broad social process, driven by more than an elite of inventors and entrepreneurs. Previous researchers have explored human capital development in the factories. Boot  obtains estimates of the human capital investments made by male workers in the Lancashire cotton industry. His estimates correspond quite closely with my estimates for male cotton mule spinners in Lowell in the 1840’s. However, in addition to this investment made by employees, I find a much larger investment made by employers in the human capital of their employees.
As a political philosopher, Marx disapproved of the capitalist system; particularly on the way how production was run. Therefore along with other economists, Karl Marx created communism. Marx’s communism is described to have no class structure and the wealth of production is served to reach the needs of common good. Both Adam Smith and Karl Marx were writing in different socio- economic times, hence it is not surprising that their ideas conflicted with each other. Adam Smith lived through a mercantile system, which he highly opposed therefore the idea of a free market system seemed to be the best solution in a time period before the industrial revolution.
Locke was proclaiming that government had to be fair in order to be sustainable. If not it would fail in one way or another. Locke addresses the state of nature in order to define political power. Marx talks a lot about a capitalist’s government. And how that in a capitalist economy the government is completely under the control of the capitalist class and that the government does not care about the conditions of the poor.
The proletariat is deemed as inferior and the bourgeois superior. This creates a class struggle. Marx attempted to find a solution of capitalist exploitation. Marx argued that exploitation emerged in capitalism because firstly, the laborers are completely deprived of human social relations, secondly they are forced to work for a meager wage , and thirdly the capitalists use their power arbitrarily. Exploitation is a matter of surplus value (profit).