Compare and Contrast Language

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Compare and Contrast Language for graphs Comparative and Superlative Adjectives Being able to compare and contrast data is an essential skill for IELTS writing, especially in Task 1. Comparatives and superlatives are one common way to do this. Comparatives are used to compare two things: Leopards are faster than tigers. Superlatives are used to compare one thing against a group of others: The leopard is the largest of the four big cats. Here are the basics of how they are formed: | Example Word | Comparative | Superlative | Words with one syllable | high | higher | the highest | Words with three syllables or more | productive | more productiveless productive | the most productivethe least productive | Words ending in –y | wealthy | wealthier | the wealthiest | Short words ending with a consonant/vowel/consonant | hot | hotter | the hottest | Irregular | good | better | the best | Other Important Language Comparatives and superlatives are useful to compare and contrast, but they won't be enough. Here are some other useful words and structures: Transitions 1. The Middle East produces high levels of oil; however, Japan produces none. 2. The USA produces large amounts of natural gas. In contrast, South Korea produces none. 3. European countries make great use of solar power. On the other hand, most Asian countries us this method of power generation very little. Subordinating Conjunctions 1. The Middle East produces high levels of oil, whereas / while Japan produces none. 2. Whereas / While the Middle East produces high levels of oil, Japan produces none. 3. Although the Middle East produced 100 tons oil, Japan produced none. Other Structures 1. Developing countries are more reliant on alternative energy production than developed countries. 2. Solar power accounts for far less of the total energy production

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