After the conquest and through the declined of the natives surrounding their overworked and poorer conditions, Spaniards did but little to care at the expense of their wealth. Bartolome de las Casas and the New Laws reduced this labor system which angered in part the encomenderos who through civil wars and lack of heirs had their encomiendas reverted to the crown. The repartimiento/mita which is a labor draft within the Inca Empire was changed to a forced labor draft for the Spaniards in order to mine, obraje labor, and agricultural surplus. Negatively speaking, it was an easy faster way to make Spaniards rich. Natives were used to a monetary system and were unconsciously willing to work in order to meet this new type of payments.
Slavery Slavery is often viewed as an embarrassment to America’s History. Yet, without it, America would not be the great establishment that it is today. The arrival of African slaves helped build a strong economy in Colonial North America. Early settlers ventured to the New World for several reasons, but the most important one was gold. Colonists in Virginia were more concerned about wealth than they were with surviving and learning how to live off of the land.
The Revolutionary War: Why was it fought and was it preventable? Many believe that the trouble started brewing in 1763 at the end of the French Indian War but in all truth the colonist first started feeling discontent with the passing of the Navigation laws in 1650. This law stated that all goods flowing to and from the colonies could only be transported in British vessels. It was aimed to hurt rival Dutch shippers. This law kept money in the empire but hurt the pockets of the wealthy colonists mercantilist that depended on the shipping trade.
The search for labor in southern states eventually led the states to do something they didn’t intend on doing. With the great demand for tobacco from states like Virginia and Maryland, and the large demand for sugar cane from the West Indies, the settlers were forced to turn to slave labor. They played a small role at first in the southern states, but eventually made up a large percentage of these areas populations. Georgia and North Carolina opposed slavery, but were unable to compete with the other states crop production. English settlers in Virginia and later Maryland around the Chesapeake Bay area discovered a crop from the Indians known as tobacco.
Jamestown settlers were looking for gold and found Chesapeake colonies for economic purposes. Additionally, the vast amount of land available started the cultivation of tobacco and yielded a lot of profit. On the other hand, New England was founded for religious reasons not for economic gain. Many people escaped to New England to escape religious persecution. The two colonies also had economic differences.
Their settlements didn’t last as long as Britain’s colonies because they did not have anything else to do economically after they ran out of gold. They did try to go into agriculture, but it never worked out. In the end, they were never successful. The Spanish themselves never worked, they made the Indians do all their labor. The English were mostly Puritans and pilgrims.
This only led to the downfall of small business since now they wouldn’t have much inventory and as many customers to sell their goods too. * The Atlantic economy created a new type of trade call the Triangular trade which grouped all the people of the Atlantic colony into one. * The slaves and the new economy worked a lot better since the demand on the slaves increased significantly. * Mercantilism * Is were all the great powers go against one another to see who has the most power and
By placing high taxes on imported luxury goods, he inadvertently encouraged smuggling. Philip's monstrous palace and monastery at Escorial had consumed much of Spanish wealth.” (http://www.hyperhistory.net/apwh/bios/b2philip2-spain.htm). Clearly states that Philip II did not value his money at all. He owed 36 million ducats with an annual deficit of 1 million ducats; this was because of his recklessness with money and because of all the money he wasted on wars. Aside from reducing state revenues for overseas expeditions, the domestic policies of Philip II further burdened Spain and would in the following century, contribute to its decline.
Just think if Spain still had control over Cuba and Hawaii, we would have to spend more money as a country to import sugar and pineapples. With America going to war with Spain and gaining control of Hawaii and Cuba these things are not taxed as much as they would have been. During the war however, many people in Spain and supporting Spain in the war, burnt the sugar cane fields and threatened the lives of many. People against the idea of imperialism were worried about the wars that it might entail and I cannot say that I blame them. With the Spanish American War happening because of the imperialism, this brought many people in America against the idea.
The Spanish Empire sought to colonize the Americas to create a world super power. The French and British colonies were not so keen on creating and sustaining an empire like Spain; but rather they sought to increase their economic power. Instead of setting up their own government in the new colonies, Spain had a more relaxed control over their territories, and did not stay in constant contact, whereas it was quite the opposite for the French and the British. The French and British used much more strict type of government. In addition, the Spanish colonists tended to settle where the native population was abundant.