Compare And Contrast Essay On Checks And Balances

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The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the U.S. and was established on September 17, 1788. The federal government under the Constitution is divided into three partitions of authority, consisting of the legislative, judicial, and executive branches. It contains the system of checks and balances, which includes how laws are passed, and the legal rights of a U.S. citizen. During the composition of the legislative branch, there were two proposals for its structure, the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan. The New Jersey Plan proposed for a one-house legislature in which each state would cast only one vote. While the Virginia Plan called for a Congress of two houses in which the total number of delegates would be divided among the states according to the free population of each state. The decision between these two proposals is known as the Great Comprise. The delegates suggested the creation of a two-house legislature composed of a House of Representatives and a Senate. However, to satisfy those who supported the Virginia Plan, members of the House were to be allotted to the states based on population.…show more content…
Under system of checks and balances the President can check Congress by vetoing legislation. The practice of judicial review has permitted the Supreme Court to check Congress by declaring laws unconstitutional. Congress, on the other hand, can check both the President and members of the Court through its power to impeach government officials for treason, bribery, or other high crimes. Checks and balances were even set up within the legislative branch of government. Both houses of Congress, for example, have to approve a bill for it to become law. This complicated system of checks and balances has prevented the concentration of political power in any one branch of the
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