In contrast, Buddhists believe that man’s own identity is what is important to examine. Reincarnation is the cycle of life over and over. With this in mind, the Buddhists believe “what comes around goes around” (Weider and Gutierrez, 2013, p. 67), otherwise known as karma. Buddhists want to attain good karma, which leads to a state of nirvana. Additionally, they want to be free from bad karma and the continued existence of reincarnation.
In nirvana, you are living out your life as Buddha. In moksha you reach Brahman the highest class in the Hindu Caste system. One similarity I found throughout all the religions is the act of karma. Whether it is Eastern or Western culture, each religion studied believed to do things that were morally correct. It is in none of our duties to cause pain to others.
It is both a relief and an educator. The Alcott and other transcendentalists were not unreceptive or opposed to the modernization of the world. However, they were concerned that too much modernization could result in alienation. Nature offered a way to keep people in touch with their souls and spiritual fundamentals. Puritans saw nature as God's gift to man who conquered the "unlimited"
The reason behind the emerging boomer Buddhist is that the western Buddhist believes that Buddhism is more about wisdom and peacemaking instead of conversion as in traditional religion. In addition, the boomer Buddhist believes in the practice of meditation more so than the rituals and rules of traditional
So the Chinese scholar in Document 3 must think Buddhism is good. Zong Mi, a leading Buddhist scholar, thought the Buddha as a perfect sage. He also states that Buddhism helps create an orderly society and that it should be observed with respect. This shows that Zong Mi too likes Buddhism and its spread though out China. Not all people liked the spread of Buddhism throughout China.
They both believe in certain spiritual practices like meditation, concentration, cultivation of certain states of mind. Hindus and Buddhists believe in compassion and non-violence towards all living beings. Also they both are originated in India, and there is a state of no suffering after life. The differences in the two religions are that Hinduism is not founded by an particular prophet,Buddhism is founded by Siddhartha Guatama (The Buddha). Buddhism does not believe in the existence of souls as well in the first cause, who we call God.
He states that someone can easily substitute God or final reality for fairies, if the outcome is the same. There is no compulsory argument in favor of one or the other. It’s all ‘between our ears’. James did have deep respect for religion that enriches the human life; he believed that all cultures turn to a god (or gods). There is said to be no compelling rational argument to be found either against or for the existence of God, but James believed there to be some sort of God for everyone because he studied the effects of people involved in religion and people who were not.
The emphasis in Buddhism is on spiritual practice and lifestyle; following the Eight Fold Path and teachings of Buddha rather than adherence to a particular belief system or the development of a relationship with God. Practitioners can improve their karma and advance toward enlightenment through moral conduct, meditation practice, compassionate acts, the development of wisdom, and other guidelines prescribed by the Buddha's Eightfold Path. Can anyone become enlightened or achieve nirvana? Some Buddhists believe enlightenment is not restricted to those who practice Buddhism, that there are many paths to the truth. Others believe that rigorous dharma study and meditation are absolutely
Taoism is the one I like least. It has too many vague mystical elements. It seems to me that both Buddhism and Taoism are inward looking, seeking enlightenment and self-improvement as the ultimate goal, with correct interactions with others serving as a means to achieving this self-fulfillment. But Confucianism is the opposite. It is outward looking, with the goal being to create a society of peace and justice, with self-improvement of individuals being the means to achieving that end.
For example, Buddhist could reach a state called nirvana once they have followed the eight fold path and the other teaching of Buddha. The main reason why people followed these guidelines was because a happier life was guaranteed in the end as long as you remained a true believer. Society improved as the behavior of people increased. Similarly to this, Christianity offered a peaceful afterlife if you strongly believed in Jesus Christ while being devoted to the teachings of the clergy, bishops and pope. Like Buddhism, Christians had to adhere to a certain rules to be allowed a pleasant afterlife.