What one would say without any arguments is that education existed for as long as human beings started living in their societies in Africa. This type of education is known as traditional/indigenous African education. This type of education existed in Africa way back before the coming of the missionaries.
Kelly (1999) define education as a lifelong process in which the older generation impart skills, values and knowledge into the young ones for their own survival. “Education is not the same as schooling, but it is a lifelong process conducted by many agencies”. Education is the action exercised by adult generation on those who are not yet ready for social life.
However, the missionaries came along with what is known as modern education or…show more content… Little did the missionaries consider the merits of indigenous African education even neglecting the fact that African children in traditional education period learnt what they lived because they acquired Informal education which is the life-long process whereby every individual acquires attitudes, values, skills and knowledge from daily experiences and other educational influences and resources in each one’s environment for their own survival. This is the type of education main purpose where teach one how to survive in life through experiences and instructions from the elders by adapting to the…show more content… However, the provision of education may have differed depending on the social needs of the people in a particular society. Thus, it would be imperative to argue based its nature that African children in pre-colonial period learnt what they lived in every respect.
He further argued that the aim of indigenous education concerned with instilling the accepted standards and beliefs governing correct behavior and creating unity and consensus. This looked mainly at the role of an individual in society. On the contrary, modern education or the type of education that was brought by the missionaries was aimed at making Africans learn how to read and write so that Africans can easily be converted to Christianity (Blakemore & Cooksey, 1980).
Thus, the missionaries were motivated to give formal education, that is literacy and numeracy so that Africans could read the Bible (evangelization) and spread the gospel to others. The missionaries rejected much of tradition way of life because their desire was to convert as many Africans as possible to Christianity religion. Thus, the education provided was biased towards religion. The more the indigenous people learnt how to read the Bible the higher the chances that they would be drown -to the Christian faith. This kind of education did not teach African children to adapt to their