Compare and Contrast Classical China and India

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Classical India and China were both flourishing civilizations at one point in time. China and India had social similarities such as a male dominated society. The two civilizations also had economic similarities such as their dependence on agriculture, and they both had specific trade routes. China and India both practiced the use of dynasties, even though their dynasties ruled differently. Despite the similarities, each ancient civilization had differences that helped them become the great civilizations we study today. China was united under a single ruler for the majority of its time, while India was unable to be united until the Mauryan and Gupta dynasties rose to power. They both had economic differences too. For example, India had better access to trade and more things easily available to trade. The two civilizations also experienced social differences, like India had a very strong caste system, and China valued its peasants more than India. Both China and India had societies dominated by males. A male dominated society is known as Patriarchy. These patriarchal societies were very common back then, and still are today. In China, the males practiced polygamy, which means he was allowed to have numerous partners and wives. When a man’s wife got “old”, he would be allowed to go out and find a new one.The women of China were also expected to birth a son, and the females were disregarded. In both societies, a woman’s purpose was to mainly reproduce, and stay loyal to her husband.. The women were considered their husband’s property rather than their own individual person. In China, the only way a woman could possibly get ahead in life and become a functional member of society was to have a son, and have that son respect her greatly and protect her. In India, it was believed that only men could achieve Moksha, or enlightenment. Ancient China and India were both
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