Compare and Contrast Between the Evolutionary Approach and the Psychodynamic Approach? Essay

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Compare and contrast between the evolutionary approach and the psychodynamic approach? This essay endeavours to critically analyse and evaluate the predominant arguments of the ‘Evolutionary Approach’ (EA) and the ‘Psychodynamic Approach’ (PA), introducing three main arguments which focus on the similarities and opposing influences within the psychological field. It highlights the main aspects of the approaches, explaining their concepts and techniques used. It elaborates arguments solely focussing on the application, empirical evidence and the role of adaption and protection. To begin, the ‘Evolutionary Approach’ seeks to identify our origins, history and how we interact with other life forms (Losos, Arnold, Bejerano, Brodie & Hibbett, 2013). Charles Darwin (1859) provided a basis of evolutionary psychology which has fundamentally guided modern psychological research. One theory is ‘Natural Selection,’ (Darwin, 1859), which highlights the evolved gene mutation process of human behaviour, certifying that future generations meet the survival (e.g. food, predators and shelter) and reproductive (e.g. mating) challenges faced by our ancestors at greater frequencies. Both the natural and sexual selection theories have identified the primary forces that shape physiological and psychological mechanisms (Lieberman & Haselton, 2009). The principles developed by Darwin (1859) have proved to be invaluable tools for mapping the structure of the human brain and linking with our history. Darwinian evolution promotes the ‘survival of the fittest;’ the individuals who best adapt, and possess traits that give them a selective advantage within the environment are more likely to survive. Research into specific areas such as technology, social ties and how we apply the evolutionary approach to human behaviour has suggested that our modern human population is continuously
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