Compare And Contrast Between Piaget And Vygotsky

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Compare and contrast between Piaget and Vygotsky cognitive development is characterized as maturity to think logically and rationally. Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky are two most influential psychologists in the field of cognitive development. Manner in which children gain knowledge play an essential function in their learning and thinking ability. While they both contributed important information to the study of children learning and thinking abilities, they reach their conclusion by different way of thinking. Both Vygotsky and Piaget’s theories evolve from their own personal and collective experiences. Vygotsky lived in a state control environment while work of Piaget reflects his intellectual milieu of a liberated society. These differences in their background prompted both psychologists to bring forth their research into developmental psychology. The focus of this paper will be a theoretical similarity and as well as contrasting viewpoint between these two eminent theorists; both were a major contributor in structuring a scientific method to investigate cognitive development, in which a child constructs its knowledge of the surrounding. Although Piaget theories and ideas often clash with those of Vygotsky’s, they certainly have some cohesion in their theories when come to cognitive development. First, I will compare similarities in ideas they share and then discuss on how they vastly differ from each other. Vygotsky was strongly in agreement with Piaget when he stated that children are curious and active constructor of knowledge who participates in their own learning and discoveries (Shaffer et al., 2005). They actively explore their world by testing their ideas against reality, seeking to expand their knowledge of their environment (keenan, 2005). Both Piaget and Vygotsky have emphasis on the importance of action and play in child function in
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