Compare and Contrast Between Evolutionary and Revolutionary Theories of Social Change.

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Throughout the history of mankind, changes were observed to happen from time to time. This change in societal norms was lately described to happen in two particular ways. Social change can either happen according to the evolutionary theory or else according to the revolutionary theory, i.e. society conducts changes by evolution or by revolution. We can refer to the evolutionary theories derived from Durkheim, Parsons and Tönnies and the revolutionary theories derived from Marx and Weber by firstly see what we understand by the terms revolution and evolution. Revolution is a term that refers to a circumstance where there is a complete transformation of the whole nature of society. Revolutionary socialism is an idea that supports the idea of transforming a country through revolution rather than a parliamentary system. Changing a country through an existing parliamentary system is usually gradual and slow moving. This ideology became quickly known as Communism after the Russian revolution of 1917, this replaced the Second International with the Third International. Second International was an organisation formed in 1889 by socialist and labour parties who wished to work together for international socialism. It continued the work of the dissolved First International, First International being The International Workingmen's Association (IWA). It was an organisation which aimed at uniting a variety of different left-wing political groups and trade union organizations that were based on the working class and class struggle. It was founded in 1864 in a workmen's meeting held in Saint Martin's Hall, London. Its first congress was held in 1866 in Geneva. A significant decision at that event was the adoption of the 8-hour work day as one of the Association's fundamental demands. This evolved into Second International. Following the rise of Stalinism in the Third
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