Compare And Contrast Athens And Sparta

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Introduction The ancient Greece, “period ca 800-323 BCE consisted of hundreds of poleis known as city states had several city-states called poleis,” (Brand, 2017, p. 1). According to Brand (2017), each poleis was its own small country (p. 1). However, Athens and Sparta were the two largest poleis. They dominated ancient Greece socioeconomically, politically and militarily, which metamorphosed into transcultural and transhistorical examples of democracy and militarization respectively. The fascinating thing about Greece narrative is that both Athens and Sparta had a different audacious ideology and idiosyncratic systems of governance, Athens adumbrated the idea of a democratic state, while Sparta demarcated itself into a military society. Therefore, these differences in political idealism culminated different results. Athens and its territory of Attica flourished economically, and politically with iconic buildings like the Parthenon, while in contrast, Sparta, a city-state in the fertile…show more content…
Levinson (2006) writes, “the citizens of Athens, the "demos," consisted of a privileged class that excluded women, slaves, farmers, and those who worked by the sweat of their brow,” (p. 1). They also had a difference, Athens had no king, but Sparta had two kings, their educational systems were also different, Sparta adopted the Agoge compulsory education system, while Athens male citizens " studied arithmetic, rhetoric geometry, drawing, and music in the morning and gymnastics in the afternoon," (Farah & Karls, 1999, p. 123), an educational system that encouraged architectural grandeur and democratic
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