Comparative Religion Essay

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Sabrin Omar 1/12/15 Comparative Religion Imam Plemon Islam developed in the Middle East in the 7th century C.E. Islam, which literally means "submission," was based on the teachings of Prophet Muhammad as an expression of submission to the will of Allah, the creator and sustainer of the world. The Quran contains the teachings of the Prophet that were revealed to him from Allah. Essential to Islam is the belief that Allah is the one and true God with no partner or equal. Islam has several branches and much variety within those branches. One of the unifying characteristics of Islam is the Five Pillars, the fundamental practices of Islam. These five practices include a ritual profession of faith, ritual prayer, the zakat (charity), fasting, and the hajj (a pilgrimage to Mecca). Many Muslims are characterized by their commitment to praying to Allah five times a day. One of the defining characteristics of Islam is the primacy of sacred places including Mecca, Medina, and Jerusalem. Muslims gather at mosques to worship Allah, pray, and study scripture. There is not a sharp distinction between the religious and secular aspects of life in Islam; all aspects of a Muslim's life are to be oriented to serving Allah. Islam expanded almost immediately beyond its birthplace in the Arabian Peninsula, and now has significant influence in Africa, throughout Asia, Europe, and the Americas. In Surah 9:18 Allah says, “The mosques of Allah are only to be maintained by those who believe in Allah and the Last Day and establish prayer and give zakah and do not fear except Allah , for it is expected that those will be of the [rightly] guided.” I believe that the masjid, mosque in English, is a second home for the believer. It is preferred that the five daily prayers are to be made at the masjid. It is obligatory for believers to congregate for Friday prayer and have the Imam lead the
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