Comparative Essay

1257 WordsNov 4, 20116 Pages
The aim of this essay is to compare and explain the differences between my research and that of another participant working in a different epistemology from my own. The nature of the hypothesis, with what (a disprovable hypothesis, a problem, a question, an urgent technical or social need) does the research programme start? Against what does it measure its progress – that is, what types of aims and objectives are typical of this type of research project? What are the typical stages of research work in the area, and how do they inter-relate? In what ways might the course of the research be open –that is, such that the direction of research can not be fully determined in advance – in which case, how does the project come to have a direction? What would count as a possible answer to the problem/question/hypothesis? The nature of evidence: what is ‘found out’ (numerical data, qualitative data, evaluation of ideas or arguments etc.) in the course of the research? What is it evidence of (that is, what ontological commitments are involved in evidence)? How is it acquired, and how is it justified that this evidence and this acquisition procedure are appropriate or valid? How is the evidence analysed and interpreted/evaluated – are there moments when the professional judgement of the researcher is involved in sifting or evaluating evidence, and how is this judgement trained or otherwise assured? My research is positivistic, where experimental investigation and observation are the only sources of substantial knowledge (knowledge is discovered). Whereas the research I am comparing is phenomenological and gives detailed descriptions of conscious experience (knowledge is experienced) My research attempts to control variables in order to maintain experimental validity, so that only the thing being directly measured can be said to have an effect.

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