Comparative Analysis of Basic Approaches to Understanding Human Personality.

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Comparative analysis of basic approaches to understanding human personality. As different sciences differ among themselves, psychology is not the exclusion. Psychologists, the people who study about human’s mental processes and behavior, mostly differ from each other to the meaning of personality or psychology of personality. Knowing the fact that all psychologists have different experience, background, and point of view, there is no a single definition for personality. However, it can be said that personality is a sequence of permanent traits, dispositions, motives, and characteristics within an individual, and these traits shape the person’s behavior.(J. Feist & G. J. Feist, 1998). As was mentioned earlier, different theorists interpret the meaning of personality in variety ways, thus, there exist several approaches to understanding human personality or human nature or soul. Generally, there are psychodynamic, behavioral, and phenomenological theories in psychology of personality. In this paper, I will try to provide a concise but clear information about psychodynamic approaches and their theorists in explaining the human nature. The word ‘psychodynamic’ has its meaning in the root word ‘ Psyche’ -a person’s unconscious part and which is also called as ‘soul’. Moreover, it can be said that Psychodynamic theories of personality emphasize the influence of the unconscious mind and childhood experiences on personality. Psychodynamic psychologists see behavior as the result of a compromise between three parts of the psyche or personality; the id, ego, and superego. These three components are the inner force that drive us in our lives.There are many branches of Psychodynamic Psychology but the most significant are: Freudian, Jungian, Adlerian, and also Neo-Freudian branch, which includes Karen Horny(A. Sammons & P. Creagh, 2010). To start with, it will be
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