Community Policing Essay

2456 WordsMay 13, 201410 Pages
Community policing contains more than a single definition. It has been described and interpreted in various ways. Community policing was best defined as “a philosophy that promotes organizational strategies, which support the systematic use of partnerships and problem-solving techniques, to proactively address the immediate conditions that give rise to public safety issues such as crime, social disorder, and fear of crime” (Burke, Jake V., 2010, 57). Community policing encourages partnership between the community and the police and in the effort deteriorate crime within the community. There are various definitions for community policing, but most agree that it contains two important functions: “a problem-solving approach to crime and disorder and partnerships involving both the police and the community in solving the problems” (Hess, Orthmann and Miller, 2014, 4). It is vital that a relationship exist between the police and the community because without the community’s input, it makes it challenging for the police to solve problems. The objective of community policing is improving the partnership of the police and the community, where they can work together in approaching problems. “Community policing is a department wide philosophy of full-service, personalized and decentralized policing, where citizens feel encouraged and empowered to work in proactive and equal partnerships with the police to solve problems of crime, fear of crime, disorder, decay and quality of life” (UMPCI, 2003). Improving the partnership between the community and the police, therefore, leads to the second objective, which is preventing crime, not treating it. The reason why community policing is so important is because it’s a proactive approach in solving problems. It’s a proactive approach because when the communities work together with the police, they can together prevent future crimes.

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