The social and ecological influences are taken into consideration. Both form behaviours and principles of the community. From the 1940’s to the mid 1960’s gave rise to Community Health Psychology, as well as The Public Health Psychology. Neither draw solely from psychology alone, but also social, economic and political arenas when tackling cause and effect. Community Psychology strives for education and empowerment, focusing on health aspects concerned with behaviour, such as
Introduction to Mental Health And Therapeutic Interventions DO130023S Introduction to Mental Health and Therapeutic Interventions Mental health nursing is, first and foremost, concerned with helping people find meaning in their lives and assisting them in the process of recovery. However we cannot do this effectively unless we are prepared to hear service users’ accounts of their difficulties and recognise the value of their own preferences for a meaningful life (Norman and Ryrie, 2009).The nation’s current mental health care model, like the broader field of health, is rooted in a population based public health model. The public health model is characterised by the concern for the health of a population in its entirety. It also helps in awareness to the link between health and the physical and psycho-social environment (Schafer, 2009). Public health focuses not only on traditional areas of diagnosis, treatment, and aetiology, but also disease prevention, and access to evaluation of services (Friedli, 2010).
Community psychology also takes a holistic, systems-based approach to understanding behavior and how people fit in to society, much like related fields such as sociology and social psychology. Community psychology tends to be more centered on applying psychological and social knowledge to solving problems, creating real-world solutions and taking immediate action. Like public health and mental health counseling, community psychology is also focused on the prevention of problems and the promotion of health and well-being. It also has a very strong research-oriented component. Community psychologists often perform original research, develop theoretical frameworks and then apply this knowledge directly within public and private communities.
This led to systems that promoted wellbeing through controlled influencing of health behavior. Purposes and Goals Both community psychology and public health
Likewise there are many community outreach programs being directed in poorer neighborhoods that are put in place to direct young people in fallowing social norms. Instead of selling drugs or getting involved in gang activity youth have a positive environment to get involved in. The control theory is based off of years of research and strong evidence and ideals to
Aswitcho STUDENT NUMBER: 1234 A critical comparison between the Community Psychology and public Health Approaches to social problems PYC 4811 ASSIGNMENT 01 Unique code:657794 l 19 April 2015 PYC4811 ASSIGNMENT 01 Community psychology and Public health approaches might share similar theories and conceptual models for example the empowerment theory, the social change theory, the dissemination of innovation and the ecological theory but they differ in their explanation of causes and influences of mental illness. I will start by giving a historical background of these two approaches that is, how they originated and their historical developments. I will then give a few pointers with regards to the approaches strengths and weaknesses then conclude by highlighting how these approaches complement each other. According to The Cambridge Dictionary of Psychology, “Community psychology is a branch of applied psychology that focuses on person- environment interactions usually at the level of the community and is aimed at improving the general quality of life within a community”. It is the interaction that is seen between people and the environment within a certain community.
1. Cultural Competence in the Field (1 page or ~2-3 paragraphs): Write a one-page essay on how you will use your disparity analysis skills and your cultural competency knowledge in your future (or current) career. Here is a guiding question to help inspire your response: If public health is an act of social justice, how will you bring social justice into your work? The discussion of cultural competence in regards to social disparity was one of the topics I was quite drawn to in this class. I believe that if we want to bring social justice into our work, we must be committed to explore why disproportionality of behavior, disease and mortality exists within certain populations.
Clinical Psychologists are involved in research, teaching and supervision, program development and evaluation, consultation, public policy, professional practice, and other activities that promote psychological health in individuals, families, groups, and organizations. Their work can range from prevention and early intervention of minor problems of adjustment to dealing with the adjustment and maladjustment of individuals whose disturbance requires them to be hospitalized. Clinical Psychologists work directly with individuals at all developmental levels, infants to older adults, as well as groups for example families and organizations, using a wide range of assessment and intervention methods to promote positive mental health and to alleviate discomfort and maladjustment. Researchers study the theory and practice of Clinical Psychology, and through their publications, document their findings with assist the field. Consultants, Teachers, and Clinical Supervisors share the Clinical Psychology knowledge base with students, other professionals, and non-professionals.
In this essay it will show that a healthy neighbourhood can provide a focus for improving the health and well-being of the community by discussing both the negative and positive impacts on its residents. In this essay will also discuss the Thornhill Plus You programme which was set up to address neighbourhood concerns in poor health indices, low educational attainment, low skills and anti-social behaviour. This essay will now continue on to investigate the kind of people that need care services help and what limitations care workers should take into consideration. And we also will look in the study case of Mina Ali to answer the part B of the essay-Supporting people to use community resources. Family and friends can offer informal support such as Practical help and advice with things like childcare or household topics and chores.
The Value Base of Social Work Historically the profession of social work has been devoted to enhancing the welfare of people who encounter problems and need assistance to overcome them. Such related issues include poverty, mental health, health care, employment, shelter, housing, abuse, domestic violence, hunger etc. Social work also looks at how society affects people with such circumstances and also how society responds to given circumstances and people thus a core principle is empowerment. Empowerment includes the concern of environmental factors i.e. family, friends, employment, social circumstances, community, and the whole of society and its well being.