Community Health Nursing Hat 3 Essay

1022 WordsFeb 24, 20145 Pages
HAT task 3 Community Health Nursing 725.8.7: Environmental and Global Issues October 10, 2013 Prepared by: Suzie Wright 725.8.7: Environmental and Global Issues A1. Outbreak “Severe acute respiratory syndrome SARS is a viral respiratory illness caused by a coronavirus. Coronaviruses are common viruses that most people get some time in their life. Human coronaviruses usually cause mild to moderate upper-respiratory tract illnesses” (CDC, 2013). The CDC (2004) reported that SARS was first seen in Asia in February 2003. The illness spread to more than two dozen countries in North America, South America, Europe, and Asia before the SARS global outbreak of 2003 was contained. Currently, there is no known SARS transmission anywhere in the world. The CDC and its partners, including the World Health Organization (WHO), continue to monitor the SARS situation globally. A2. Indicators The signs and symptoms of SARS include coughing, sneezing, shortness of breath, tiredness, increased body temperature, and diarrhea. A3. Data A 64 year old nephrologist from southern China, who visited Hong Kong in February 2003, died in March 2003 of severe pneumonia. This man was thought to be the source of the infection causing the outbreaks of SARS in Hong Kong. On 5 July 2003, the WHO announced that the, “ last known chain of human-to-human transmission of the SARS CoV had been broken in Taiwan, and this brought an end to the initial outbreak of SARS that had begun in mid-November 2002 in southern China and spread internationally in late February 2003.” (World Health Organization, 2004) Science magazine (2006) referred to WHO when they reported that, “SARS affected 29 countries: 8,096 probable cases were identified of whom 774 died.” A4. Route of Transmission SARS appears to spread by close person-to-person contact via droplet transmission. It has

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