Community Health and Population-Focused Nursing Essay

1113 WordsAug 28, 20155 Pages
Measles Disease outbreak is an occurrence of several cases of a specific disease that is in excess of what would be normally expected in a certain area. In 2014 the United States experienced an outbreak of the measles. There was an outbreak in the two Disney theme parks in Orange County, California. There ended up being over 52 reported cases of measles related to this outbreak. The majority of those infected with measles were people that were not vaccinated. Some parents do not vaccinate their children because they are worried about the vaccines side effects. Other people choose not to vaccinate because of religious preferences. Over 90% of the people who are not vaccinated will get the measles virus if they are exposed to it. There were 668 cases from 27 different states reported to the Center for Disease Control National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (NCIRID). This is the greatest number of reported cases since measles elimination was documented in the United States in 2000. In 2015 there have been 188 cases of measles reported and five outbreaks (Measles Cases, 2015). Measles became a nationally recognized disease in 1912. An infectious agent in the bloodstream causes this disease. This can be a very serious disease in young children but is easily prevented by a vaccine. The vaccine is part of a combination vaccine. This vaccine protects against mumps, rubella and measles. Measles is a disease that starts with a runny nose, fever, cough, red eyes and a sore throat. Next the disease causes a rash that spreads over the body. Measles is still commonly seen in Europe, Asia, the Pacific, and Africa. Travelers with measles bring this disease to the United States. Measles spreads when it reaches a community where groups of people are unvaccinated (Measles Cases, 2015). Measles is a highly contagious virus that lives in the mucus
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