John Smith SZT1 Task 1 Community and Population Health SZT1 Task 1 Los Angeles County is a large community in Southern California, rich in diverse ethnicities and cultures. According to the US Census, there is an estimated population of over 9.8 million persons in 2010. (Los Angeles County QuckFacts from the US Census Bureau, 2013) Established in 1850, Los Angeles County is 4084 square miles and is home to more than 27 percent of all of California residents. (Los Angeles County-Government-About LA, n.d.) The diverse ethnic population of Los Angeles County is made up of 48.2% Hispanic, 27.3% White, 14.5% Asian, and 9.3% Black. (Los Angeles County QuckFacts from the US Census Bureau, 2013) The mean household income in Los Angeles County is $81,729.00 and median household income is $56,241.00 annually.
As of 2010, with the total population of the United States at 310.2 million individuals, White Non-Hispanic Americans are 64.7 percent of the United States population. While the second largest racial group in America is Hispanics with 16 percent of the population. According to the trends, the population is estimated to be at about 439 million in the year 2050. That's quite a rise in the population in the next 40 years (129 million) and who knows the impact it will have on our economy and job availability. It is also estimated that White Non-Hispanic Americans will be less than half the population at this point with 46.3 percent of the population being that race.
The median age for the population of Dyer County is 36.5 years of age. Looking back at the US Census report from the year 2000 the population was 38, 335 and has only increased by 765 residents over the last twelve years. This is not indicative of a growing community but of one that is maintaining the status quo. In researching the economic status of Dyer County, it is clear according to an article in the local newspaper, Dyersburg State Gazette dated November 1, 2011 that the unemployment rate for the county is 13.7 percent. This dire statistic earns Dyers County the title of the eight highest unemployment rate for counties in the state of Tennessee.
Another 9.7 million are non-citizens, but the Census Bureau does not distinguish in its estimate between documented and undocumented migrants. It has been estimated that nearly one fifth of the uninsured population is able to afford insurance, almost one quarter is eligible for public coverage, and the remaining 56% need financial assistance (8.9% of all Americans). An estimated 5 million of those without health insurance are considered "uninsurable" because of pre-existing conditions The costs of treating the uninsured must often be absorbed by providers as charity care, passed on to the insured via cost-shifting and higher health insurance premiums, or paid by taxpayers through higher taxes. Since people who lack health insurance are unable to obtain timely medical care, they have a 40 percent higher risk of death in any given year than those with health insurance, according to a study published in the American Journal of Public Health. The study estimated that in 2005 in the United States, there were 45,000 deaths associated with lack of health insurance.
The government is allowing immigrants to enter the country with less than satisfactory education skills. Nearly 31 percent of foreign born residents over the age of twenty-five are without a high school diploma, compared to just 10 percent of native-born residents. Immigrants trail behind natives in college attendance. It wouldn’t make sense to grant permanent legal status and full job market to millions of unskilled immigrants. Journalist Sonia Nazario states, “Those harderst hit by the influx of immigrants are disadvantaged native-born minorities who don’t have a high school degree”(536).
This comparison will be between the best state and the worst state. The most surprising fact for each of these states is the gap between minimum wage and the hourly wage needed to afford a two bedroom apartment. The gap in Connecticut is $13.46 and the gap in Texas is only $8.47, yet there are 333,603 more homeless children in Texas than in Connecticut. While it is imperative to keep in mind that the population in Texas far outnumbers that of Connecticut, it is still an interesting connection to make. To break down the population difference we can also note that the percentage of homeless children in Connecticut out of all children is only .43 percent, while Texas reports 5.2
The total rate of imprisonment in Australia in 1995 was 119 per 100,000 adults (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 1997) and 411 for the USA (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 1997). By the year 2008 Australia’s rate had risen to 169 (ABS, 2009), whereas the USA had a considerable increase to 760 per 100,000 adults (BJS, 2009). Female rates of imprisonments are considerably lower than men in both jurisdictions. In Australia in 1995 the rate was 12 (ABS, 1997) and the prisoner population for females in the USA at the same time was 51 (BJS, 1995). By 2008 the rates for females in Australia doubled to 24 (ABS, 2009) and in the USA increased to 67 (BJS, 2009).
Texas seems to be a big states based on its population compared to the USA’s a whole with the difference of 28, 785, 484. The population listed as white only is 44.5% over USA 63.0% which makes Texas a diverse place when it comes race. The number of person per square miles in Texas (96.3) is higher than USA as a whole (87.4) with a difference 8.7. Maryland Vs. Texas. Texas is a bigger state than Maryland with a population difference of 20,174, 640.
per capita would predict. Some people argue that Americas demographic would explain its much higher health spending, but that is incorrect. Only 13.3% of the USA’s population is age 65 and above, spending 8000 per person compared to Germany, Italy, and Japan with over 20% of this population over 65 spent less than half per person. American’s do buy something with this (extra) spending, and that’s an extremely large administrative overhead. With all this overhead one would think the united states would atleast be among one the worlds top healthcare systems right?
Asians is about 4 percent in Nassau and 8.4 percent Suffolk County. Long Island's median household income dropped 2.1 percent from 2009, to $86,328 last year. At the same time, the ranks of those without health insurance rose -- to 10.3 percent, from 9.6 percent. "We are dealing with a major crisis," said Suffolk Social Services Commissioner Gregory Blass, who said 12 percent of the population is now on Medicaid "and that's climbing. "How do we calculate the Federal Poverty Level?