Community Correction Essay

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Community Corrections By: Tirria Carter 4/21/13 CJS/230 Lisa Nash “Abstract” Community corrections are alternatives to help offenders in making a change from prison to the community as they move toward the end of their sentence. In 1965, Congress passed The Federal Prisoner Rehabilitation Act, providing several options; work release, furloughs, and community treatment centers, to help in reintegration. In 1913, work release was first authorized at state level. Wisconsin act allowed misdemeanor criminals to work at outside jobs while they spent nights in jail. Work release is not only an alternative for the offenders to get back in tune with society, and make money; it also benefits society through taxes, welfare savings, and offenders bearing the costs of their incarceration while living in work release facilities. A community residential, also known as the half way house, is used very often today. It can be publicly or privately operated for profit or nonprofit organizations; religious, charitable, civic, or purely correctional in nature. Residential facilities can house anywhere from twelve to several dozen people. Programs and services may vary, but work is consistent, and resources are limited with the private facilities. Most facilities contract with local, state, or federal correctional institutions to provide housing and certain specified services for particular type of offender, normally the inmate who qualifies for work release at the end of his or her sentence. Several states and the federal government operate different type of facility; prerelease guidance center or prerelease center, for inmates at the very end of their sentence. It is normally located in the metropolitan areas, and inmates from those areas are sent home for a short period of time to find jobs, counseling, and establish contact with their family again.

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