Communicable disease outbreak - HAT Task 3 Analyze the selected communicable disease outbreak: SARS Disease overview Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a viral respiratory illness caused by a coronavirus, called SARS-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV). According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the illness begins with a high fever (greater than 100.4 degrees F). The fever is sometimes associated with chills or other symptoms, including headache, general feeling of discomfort, and body aches. Some individuals experience mild respiratory symptoms at the outset. Diarrhea is seen in approximately 10 to 20 percent of patients.
The illness last usually from three to five days. Outbreaks usually occur during the warm summer and early fall months, though they can happen year around in tropical parts of the world. Hand Foot and Mouth Disease have many signs and symptoms. It causes painful blisters in the throat, tongue, gums, hard palate, or inside the cheeks. Blisters are red with a small bubble of fluid on top and then turn into ulcers.
What causes it? • Chicken pox is caused by a very contagious infection caused by the varicella-zoster virus. • It is an airbourne virus, which means it is easily and rapidly spread through sneezing and coughing. Droplets of water expelled from the nose and mouth of the infected person are inhaled by those around them • The infection may also be caused by direct contact with the secretions from the blisters. • The varicella virus has an incubation period of between 10 and 21 days.
(3) Etiology: Pneumonia develops when the immune system cannot combat the virulence of the invading organisms. Organisms from the environment, invasive devices, equipment and supplies, staff, or other people can invade the body. Pneumonia can be caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa. Noninfectious causes of pneumonia include inhalation of toxic gases, chemical fumes, and smoke and aspiration of water, food, fluid, and vomitus. (4) Signs & Symptoms: Pneumonia may present with a 1-2 day history of cough, fever, dyspnea, fatigue, rigors and pleuritic pain.
Both disease's have flu-like symptoms such as fever, headaches, weakness, chills, and sore throat. In addition, Ebola and Black Plague, specifically Pneumonic Plague, can be contacted by human to human contact specifically through blood or bodily fluids seeping into broken skin. Once the Ebola virus transmits to humans, it takes two to twenty one days to show the flu-like symptoms. For the Black Plague, specifically the Bubonic and Septicemic plague, it takes about three to seven days to show flu like symptoms. For the Pneumonic plague, symptoms will automatically develop within one to three days after exposure to bacteria.
Acute Renal Failure NU270 Assignment 6.1 7/26/2012 Patients that are in acute renal failure have many obstacles that they are faced with. The nurse should follow evidence based interventions when caring for them. Electrolyte imbalance, blood loss, infection, and nutrition are just a few of the issues the nurse must be educated about. It is important for the nurse to impose every intervention available to reduce the risk of infection in the patient experiencing acute renal failure. “Make sure appropriate hand hygiene is used.
– antiobody test. Culture most except VZV and CMV – dying field to cultutre Table – chris’s notes Therapry and prevemtion Available for HSV VZV CMV =- HSV 6 Acicolvir and ganciclovir Vaccination Chickenpox vaccine and zoster vaccine Used in prevention and post exposure Hepatitis Inflammation of the liver Inflammatory Infective Metabolic Toxin including alcholhol Ischemic - all these different type of Presentation Actute – synptoms sprectirum opf illness 10 days – 6 weeks Sprecturm totally well tot toally liver failure Or Chronic >6 months sprectrum of liver damage from mild to cirrhosis. Symptoms signs an dlab tests Symptoms Fatigue nausea fever Signs JAUNDICe LFTS tests – bilirubin ALT and AST Ratio AST / ALT >2 suggestive of alcohol Most are present with acture deisease with chronic disease dependent on extent of damge, cirrhosis and decompenstation. Viral Hepatitis Term denoting inflammation of the liver due to infection with one of the 5 hepatotropic viruses HAV HBV HCV HDV HEV - belong to 5 different families Other viruses: Herpes viruses – HSV EBV CMV
Each year only about 150 people in the U.S. are infected with leprosy, a bacterial disease that can lead to nerve damage and disfigurement. In most cases, people are infected after being exposed to saliva from an infected person, usually while traveling to parts of the world, such as Africa and Asia, where the disease is more common. Not all cases occur like this. A new study in the New England Journal of Medicine may provide an explanation for some cases, armadillos. There have been several anecdotal reports of leprosy in humans who have handled, killed, or eaten armadillos, or who may have been indirectly exposed by gardening in soil where the animals burrow.
Just two months after the first detections the swine flu it was now classified as a pandemic. Even though the WHO (World Health Organization) did not classify it as severe, it would later be classified as “moderate” and many countries would have to strengthen quarantine procedures and pre-existing screening for travelers. Infection control measures to prevent transmission of H1N1 influenza in healthcare facilities. The H1N1 pandemic, as necessary as new information becomes available throughout the course of this influenza season. It provides general guidance for all healthcare facilities.
The frequent occurrence of epidemic illnesses drove local governments to establish institutions to separate sick and potentially contagious individuals from the healthy population (D'Antonio, Connolly & Wall, 2010). Watson’sTheory Jean Watson’s theory of caring is illustrated in this time period by the caring of the attempt to meet the needs of the individual. According to "Jean Watson's Philosophy Of Nursing" (2012), “Caring consists of carative factors that result in the satisfaction of certain human needs.” Past period 2 Historical time period- Industrial Revolution (1840-1914) Nursing role in the community It was during the years associated with the Industrial Revolution that caring for the