Community Psychology and Public Health Approaches to Social Problems PYC4811 Assignment: 657794 April 2015 Introduction At first community psychology and the public health’s approach to social problems appear to be similar with only some key differences in their explanation of the causes and influences of these problems on the mental wellbeing of individuals. Some of the similarities include their belief that effective treatment should focus on preventative measures that work with the causes of pathology as opposed to curative measures which aim to treat the incidences and/or symptoms. (Guemina, 1995). Some of the other differences include the role of the individual in the development of a mental illness, as well as intervention and/or therapeutic approaches viewed as most successful and beneficial. This essay will attempt to compare and contrast the approaches of community psychology and the public health to social problems, while giving light to their strengths and limitations.
It is the interaction that is seen between people and the environment within a certain community. Community psychology originated from Mental Reform Movements in the United States of America. The three reform movements were the, “moral treatment” (in the early 1800s), the “mental hygiene” movement (in the early 1900s) and the “deinstitutionalization” (in the 1960s). (Tutorial letter 102/0/2015 for PYC4811). It was first recognized in South Africa in the 1980s during the struggle for democracy.
They were give a description of a stranger with varying degrees of similarity to the participants. They found that significant effects for attitude similarity is important for recipricol liking, and provides strength for the model. However the research was carried out via a lab study, so doesn't necessarily show that the principles of need satisfaction and similarity apply to real life (Mundane Realism), so it may weaken the theory. Cordon and Crano (88) believed similarity is important in the formation of relationships who are not similar to us, we lessen the chance of being rejected. However, there are research limitations, as only attitude and personality factors were dealt with Yoshida (72)pointed out that this represents a narrow view of factors important in relationship formation.
| | Evidence | P1 | Explain the concepts of equality, diversity and rights in relation to health and social care | | 1 | | Powerpoint | P2 | Describe discriminatory practice in health and social care | | 1 | | | P3 | Describe the potential effects of discriminatory practice on those who use health or social care services | | 1 | | | M1 | Assess the effects on those using the service of three different discriminatory practices in health and social care settings. | | 1 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Learner declaration | I certify that the work submitted for this assignment is my own. I have clearly referenced any sources used in the work. I understand that false declaration is a form of malpractice.Learner signature: Date: | Assignment brief Qualification | BTEC Level 3 Extended Diploma Health and Social care | Unit number and title |
Even though social learning approach and behaviorist approach were made to make us understand how human behaviour works either by modeling or rewards and punishments from environment that we live on, they not just have advantages but also have disadvantages. Some of the strengths of the social learning approach is that it’s an experiment therefore it's suitable when trying to measure human behaviour, we can easy understand his accurate method, realistic view of people and concern with the social implications in human behaviour. One of the biggest disadvantages of this approach is that does not take into account physical and mental changes of the person and does not take in account that people can see one only situation from different point of view for example some people think that be a musician is something rewarded, but other may think that is a loss of time. On the other hand we have the behaviourist approach that suggest that the human behaviour depends of what we learn by association or as a result of reinforcement, this theory has successfully applied classical and operant conditioning to its theories, we can easily understand is accurate method, for example one the experiments are objective, measurable and observable. An example of this is Bandura's bobo doll study of aggression with children.
LN-1.0.1 ETHICS AND LEADERSHIP EFFECTIVENESS: Joanne B. Ciulla Ethics and morals are synonyms though ethics is about social values and morals is about personal values. Contemporary books and journals has reviewed little work on ethics and leadership and a combine work from philosophy and social sciences will bring better understanding of leadership which has been a problem. Consequently, understanding from humanities blended with description and explanation from the sciences will help. Ethics is treated as exhortation. It has been difficult to standardize the definition of leadership.
6. People are too different from the subjects of natural scientific research. So many of the advantages of the scientific method are not applicable to the traditional scientific approach - for example, replication and control. Conclusion Generally, the methods of traditional science have either been radically adapted by sociologists so that they can still be used - the comparative method, structured questionnaires, or totally rejected - interpretive Sociology. Scientific research has been important in generating debate in Sociology as to how
Abstract This is substantive literature review holistic-interactionistic of the history of soul care. The leaner posits soul care is a foundational linkage in methods to integrate as a spiritual holistic approach with its foundation in the method dynamic systems approach to personality formulation and empirical developmental research. The holistic-interactionistic paradigm mostly is different and often overlooked in the psychological counseling consideration; but often and as a counseling modality is frequently not recognized for its values in treating antisocial problems in professional counseling. Keywords: soul care, healing, sustaining, body, sin and holistic Sustaining Healing, Reconciling, Guiding a Holistic Approach Introduction Soul is a cross-disciplinary approach and lack of integration in professional counseling with different theories and the frequent neglect of the linkage of methods to the phenomena, in systematic empirical literature concerning the person approach , mind-body interaction and development sciences, limits the claims and complete typology in treatments of personal, emotional, addictions, grief, trauma, personality traits and topology development in is necessary, most naturally carried out within the scientific discipline “development sciences” and the treatment strategy in soul care gender specific, cultural relevant and systemically, in the same way as pharmacology balances the demands of acute care and chronic care in treatment of disease and psychosocial intervention, cognitive restructures and understanding personality development. .
They treat mental illness as a social rather than individual problem They prefer prevention rather than cure. Practitioners unable to translate words into action and it was hampered by political red tape. Has demonstrated considerable effectiveness in preventing many diseases as well as socially harmful behaviours. Community psychology in South Africa The appeal of community psychology lies in its promise of a more socially accountable practice. Community psychology became popular in South Africa in the 1980s, when together with the struggle for democracy, psychologists began looking at community psychology as an answer to the feeling powerlessness they felt due to large scale political upheaval.
1 INTRODUCTION Usually when policies, programmes, plans and projects are introduced, it is usually to address certain negative issues or for development purposes. Sometimes this policies and projects can also bring negative results if proper research is not done. Social Impact Assessment (SIA) is a technique used to analyse, monitor and manage social consequences of these interventions. Social Impact Assessment in South Africa has been practised incorporated with Environmental Impact Assessment. SIA in South Africa is associated with the problems of no formal training, an “asocietal mentality” and also the problem of process.