The social and ecological influences are taken into consideration. Both form behaviours and principles of the community. From the 1940’s to the mid 1960’s gave rise to Community Health Psychology, as well as The Public Health Psychology. Neither draw solely from psychology alone, but also social, economic and political arenas when tackling cause and effect. Community Psychology strives for education and empowerment, focusing on health aspects concerned with behaviour, such as
This essay will attempt to compare and contrast the approaches of community psychology and the public health to social problems, while giving light to their strengths and limitations. Features and Characteristics Community psychology originated with the rejection of traditional psychoanalysis and the shift from the individual to groups with the emphasis on issues relating to socially relevant problems within the community. Evidence that socio-economic contexts were central to individual pathology meant understanding that social inequalities were to be held responsible for the problems faced in society, and not the isolated manifestations of individuals’ dysfunctions. (Rappaport, 1981; Butchart & Seedat, 1990) The public health approach, however, emerged from the government’s attempt to regulate hygiene and movement of waste as a preventative measure to avoid an outbreak of disease. This led to systems that promoted wellbeing through controlled influencing of health behavior.
I believe that if we want to bring social justice into our work, we must be committed to explore why disproportionality of behavior, disease and mortality exists within certain populations. For example, if I decide to work with Hispanic American overweight to obese adolescent in San Bernardino, I would have to explore the environmental and social influences that perpetuate the disparity. We as public health professionals are then responsible to evaluate and better our departments/groups of health in order to better address these issues. Public Health professionals are responsible to explore the root causes of these inequities for several consequential reasons. First being that an increase in health inequaties will need an increase of resource distribution for public health practitioners.
Aswitcho STUDENT NUMBER: 1234 A critical comparison between the Community Psychology and public Health Approaches to social problems PYC 4811 ASSIGNMENT 01 Unique code:657794 l 19 April 2015 PYC4811 ASSIGNMENT 01 Community psychology and Public health approaches might share similar theories and conceptual models for example the empowerment theory, the social change theory, the dissemination of innovation and the ecological theory but they differ in their explanation of causes and influences of mental illness. I will start by giving a historical background of these two approaches that is, how they originated and their historical developments. I will then give a few pointers with regards to the approaches strengths and weaknesses then conclude by highlighting how these approaches complement each other. According to The Cambridge Dictionary of Psychology, “Community psychology is a branch of applied psychology that focuses on person- environment interactions usually at the level of the community and is aimed at improving the general quality of life within a community”. It is the interaction that is seen between people and the environment within a certain community.
Assignment 306 Understand health and safety in social care settings Assignment composition Assignment overview In this assignment you will demonstrate your knowledge and understanding of health and safety in social care settings. You will demonstrate your awareness of the legislative framework, identify hazards and risks and how these can be minimised. You will demonstrate you have the knowledge and ability to support less experienced colleagues. You will research topical issues, examine incidents and make assessments of the appropriateness of the actions taken and you will prepare materials to enhance the safety awareness of others. Learners will benefit from undertaking practical courses relating to moving and handling, food safety and first aid.
Health and Social Care Assignment UNIT 8 - UNDERSTAND HEALTH AND SAFETY IN SOCIAL CARE SETTINGS ASSIGNMENT OVERVIEW In this assignment you will demonstrate your knowledge and understanding of health and safety in social care settings. You will use case studies to show your awareness of the legislative framework, identify hazards and assess levels of risk. You will demonstrate your awareness of the use of care or support plans and risk assessment in social care. You will investigate topical issues, examine incidents and make assessments of the appropriateness of the actions taken and you will prepare materials to enhance the safety awareness of others. You will benefit from undertaking practical courses relating to moving and handling, food safety and first aid.
Nu1067 – Understanding Health and Healthcare In this essay I will discuss the impacts of the social determinants of health and well-being towards one of my family member’s illness, Recognise trends in their illness and disease and how these influence health care provision, I will demonstrate understanding of the structure and functioning of multidisciplinary teams and discuss the contribution of the health care professional to the provision of health and social care. To achieve this I will analyse my family member’s lifestyle and how cultural influences may have affected how her illness occurred and how their illness has changed in society overtime. In keeping with the Nursing and Midwifery council (NMC) code of conduct which states people have the right to retain confidentiality, People must be treated as individuals and keep their dignity respected. The names of any patients, staff or trusts will be changed maintaining confidentiality (The nursing and midwifery council 2008). My family member, Moira is a 62 year old female from Stockport which is classed as a deprived area due to deprivation is lower in Stockport than the national average (Health Profile 2012).
Introduction to Mental Health And Therapeutic Interventions DO130023S Introduction to Mental Health and Therapeutic Interventions Mental health nursing is, first and foremost, concerned with helping people find meaning in their lives and assisting them in the process of recovery. However we cannot do this effectively unless we are prepared to hear service users’ accounts of their difficulties and recognise the value of their own preferences for a meaningful life (Norman and Ryrie, 2009).The nation’s current mental health care model, like the broader field of health, is rooted in a population based public health model. The public health model is characterised by the concern for the health of a population in its entirety. It also helps in awareness to the link between health and the physical and psycho-social environment (Schafer, 2009). Public health focuses not only on traditional areas of diagnosis, treatment, and aetiology, but also disease prevention, and access to evaluation of services (Friedli, 2010).
It is also important to recognise that the concept of health is relative. A person’s view of what is ‘normal’ health is influenced by factors such as their gender, social class, ethnicity or age (Haralambos M, Heald R, O’ Gorman J and Smith F, 1996). The social model of health suggest that indivual and community health results from structural and cultural influences affecting ethnic minorities, women, the elderly and other particular groups of people. This relative view of health focuses on the barriers and difficulties which prevent the ‘ill’ or ‘disabled’ from having access to health and ‘normality’, as this interpretation of ‘health’ takes into consideration the wider social pressures of
| Understanding principles of health and social care practice | | | | | | | | Table of Contents Introduction: 2 Task 1.1 Principle of health & social Care to individual Support 3 Task 1.2 Procedures for protecting clients, patients and colleagues from harm: 3 Task 1.3 Benefit of Person-center approach: 3 Task 1.4 Ethical dilemmas and conflict in health & social care services: 4 Task2.1 Implementation of policies, legislation, regulations and code of practice in health and social care: 4 Task2.2 Development of local policy and procedure: 5 Task2.3 Evaluation of the impact of the policy, legislation, regulation and code of practices on organization policy and practice: 6 Task 3.1Explain the theories that underpin health and social care practice 6 Task 3.2 The significance of inter professional working 8 Task 3.3 using the nature - nurture debate and any other relevant theories, the likely impact of the social, and emotional developmental pattern 9 Task 4.1 Roles of Ward manager: 10 Task 4.2 Contribution of word manager on healthcare policy: 11 Task 4.3 Recommendations to increase contributions of word manager 12 Conclusion: 13 References 14 Introduction: Health and social care service has become a very important issue in the context of present social structure. Citizens are now much more concerned about their health issues and the social care services they are likely to get. Many of the countries are going with an aging population, so health and social care service has become a crucial issue to be provided. Thus knowing about the health and social care services, principles of these services, rules and regulations related with them and their implementation is very important. Task 1.1 Principle of health & social Care to individual Support Individuals are cared for in health and social care