Communism: A Classless And Stateless Social Order

355 Words2 Pages
Communism: A Classless And Stateless Social Order German political theorists Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels wrote the Communist Manifesto in 1848. This short publication discusses class struggle and problems with capitalism. The class struggle is between the "haves" and the "have nots." The "haves" are the capitalists or Bourgeoisies, and "have nots" are the workers, or Proletarians. According to Marx, a capitalist society will eventually be replaced by communism, a classless society. In a communist society there is no private property and everyone is equal. The guiding principle that everyone will live by is "from each according to his ability, to each according to his needs." This form of government may sound fair, but when it is put into use it does not work as well as it appears. Most of the problems with communism arise from the second part of the guiding principle, "to each according to his needs." This basically states that each person should work to their highest ability, but only get what is needed. There is no simple way of knowing what a particular person needs. In our society today we are taught that the harder we work, the more we will receive, and that's how a society should operate. Power and wealth should not be distributed equally in a society, this is why capitalism is a more effective system. It is against human nature for everyone to be equal, and people who worked harder than others should be rewarded accordingly. A classless society is not a realistic society. This would only work in a perfect society, and such society has never existed. In theory, communism may sound as an appealing form of government. Everyone is equal, everyone has jobs, and receives the same education. The problem with communism is the fact that when put into practice, it does not work as well as it sounds on paper. A society described by communist
Open Document