Poverty may mean that crime is the only way that the working class can survive, as crime may e the only way that they can obtain the consumer goods encouraged by the capitalist advertising, resulting in utilitarian crimes such as theft. However, it isn’t always utilitarian crime that the working class commit as sometimes the alienation and lack of control over their lives may lead to frustration and aggression which results in non-utilitarian crimes such as vandalism and violence. Marxist’s sometimes argue the state and law-making are a cause of crime because they believe that all laws serve the ruling class, most law is based on protecting private property. The crimes of the working class and ethnic minorities are punished harshly while crimes of the powerful go unnoticed. The ruling class also have the power to prevent the introduction of laws that would threaten their interests.
author:love88 Karl Marx is the father of communism. In this essay “The Communist Manifesto” by Karl Marx argues that class struggles between the bourgeoisie and proletarians. Marx believed that all property should be publically owned. There would be no government, and everyone would work together for the good of the community. Thus, the society would be classless and stateless.
Adam Smith lived through a mercantile system, which he highly opposed therefore the idea of a free market system seemed to be the best solution in a time period before the industrial revolution. Unlike Smith, Marx had personal accounts of the industrial revolution, therefore he would have “anticipated the high- technology, global interests of modern institutions, dangers of consuming non- renewable natural resources and the issue of post industrial unemployment.” Both tried to create a system where everyone could be happy but their views on capitalism as the better political system conflicted. Karl Marx’s and Adam Smith’s views on capitalism differed in terms of the division of labour, competition and the class structure in society. “The trade of the pin- maker: a workman not educated to this business (which the division of labour has rendered a distinct trade), nor acquainted with the use of the machinery employed in it (to the
Marx’s first point suggests that education surely does not provide equality, this is for reasons being that education is a meritocratic institution that only benefits the student which conform with the desired qualities, such as doing as they are told and being high academic achievers. This brings me on to the second part of the point of social relations in a capitalist society. Education is said to mimic a capitalist working life in which the teachers are the respected bosses and the students are the workers who must conform and do as they are told. Marx’s second function states that education serves to legitimate (justify) these inequalities through the myth of meritocracy. This points suggests that schools aim to legitimise inequalities between students and say that meritocracy is a myth and that students are not rewarded on the basis of merit though examinations and qualifications, although many qualities of the education system suggest it does.
This theory was made well-liked to people by Karl Marx and Friedrich in their Communist Manifesto, 1848. So it clarifies that in Communism people will have no personal possession to the properties and the society should be equal. The people known as Anti-communists are actually defined for their position in opposition to Communism rather than their deeds and initiatives. These people say that the way of life in Communism is not accepted by anyone as a good one. Anyone alone may say that the way defined in Communism is a wrong way to lead a life and controlling life of someone living in the interior of a specific state is not correct either.
Capitalism and the Government Liberalism is the belief in an individual’s rights and freedoms. A constant struggle exists throughout the world to acquire the perfect amount of liberalism in a society. The source states, “society achieves its finest expression through the self-interest and freedom of individuals,” portraying a capitalist government. Supporting Adam Smith’s idea of the invisible hand, capitalists believe that the economy is self-regulating and can move itself out of recession and inflation, eliminating the need for government help. When the government is involved, a nation can reach its full potential, but without government control, societies are destined for corruption.
Assess the usefulness of Marxist approaches to an understanding of crime and deviance in contemporary society Marxist criminologists argue that the state passes laws which support ruling-class interests, and maintain its control and power over the subject class. They put forward the view that laws do not reflect value consensus, but instead reflect the values of ruling class ideology. Therefore, laws work towards false class consciousness, as laws only benefit the ruling minority. Many Marxists also argue that there are a vast number of laws protecting property, and Snider (1993) argued the state is often reluctant to pass laws which might threaten profitability. She also argued capitalist states often pour large amounts of money into attracting business; for example offering new investors tax concessions and grants.
As John Verdant introduces two families with similar economic conditions but completely different values, it is not difficult to find out that the family believes having more actually harms themselves (Verdant, 152-155). I believe people who are less obsessed with consumerism would have a better living standards if they were living in a society with scarce materials. However, those people who are obsessed with consumerism would be willing to conduct some unethical things in order to gain self-interested benefits. On the other hand, nowadays thrift is a way of showing a person is well-educated and money-conscious. In fact thrift is highly valued in many Asian countries’ value systems.
Position Paper Issue 3 – Effective Government The question as to how much government involvement is necessary to successfully operate and sustain an economy and society has been on debate for many centuries. Our history has demonstrated that when humans our given too much freedom, the selfishness of an individual comes into play, and when there is too much government control, the rights of the individual appear to be violated. “The most effective government is the one that governs the least.” This statement argues strongly with the ideological perspective of a capitalist economy, one which advocates a laissez faire economic system where the people are subjected to make the decisions for themselves with little to no government involvement. However, through such events as starvation, extremes of wealth and poverty, palatial estates, horrible slums, child labour and work abuse have successfully proven that when an economy is granted complete freedom to the individual, the selfishness of one’s desire tragically becomes the main focus. From this evidence, it is clear that for an economy to successfully operate a government presence must occur to provide its citizens with a more equitable distribution throughout the entire population, lesson social problems by collecting more taxes to ensure a long term gain, and essentially to protect the rights and freedoms of the “little guy” from the hardships presented when large corporations have control.
In the capitalist world, it is nearly impossible to change your social status and move up to a "better one." The socialist world, on the other hand, is working as hard as they can to have a classless society. Everyone would have the same social status: the better