The gradual changes and damage to the brain cells are caused by a build up of abnormal proteins in the brain. Dementia is a common condition that affects about 800,000 people in the UK. Your risk of developing dementia increases as you get older and condition usually occurs in people over the age of 65 years. The symptoms of people with dementia is memory (short/long term), Thinking, Speed, Language, Understanding, Judgement and sensory ability. There are some other factors Cause changes in individual condition with similar symptoms of dementia, like depression, confusional state due to an infection (UTI/chest infections), sensory changes due to age related degeneration, reduced metabolism cause poor appetite, Osteoporosis and fear of falling.
A person who is depressed can often show similar signs or symptoms to a person that has dementia. Depression can effect concentration, motivation, ability to manage everyday task and social withdrawal. Delirium is a toxic or acute confusion state which may be mistaken for symptoms or signs of dementia. Delirium signs and symptoms can be hallucinations and delusions, changes in perception, attention, mood activity levels. Severe confusion and
Discuss the deficits Mr Lusk has presented with. Mr Lusk has presented with many of the signs of Dementia. Mr Lusk’ inability to perform everyday tasks and reported progressive memory loss are both factors in Dementia. Mr Lusk’ is also wandering and getting lost in familiar setting this is a sign that Mr Lusk is disorientated with time and place which is an early warning sign of Dementia. Other early warning signs that Mr Lusk has presented with are deficits in language often people with Dementia forget how to speak simple words which can impact on the ability to have a conversation with the person, judgement, insight and thinking are also signs of Dementia people with Dementia have a hard time with abstract thinking and can’t problem solve as well as they use to.
About 75% of people who are diagnosed with dementia will have either Alzheimer’s or vascular dementia, or a combination of the two. There less common forms of dementia include dementia with Lewy bodies, fronto-temporal dementia (Pick’s disease), Huntington’s disease, alcohol-related dementias, and HIV/AIDS-related dementia. Alzheimer’s usually affects the elderly population and is a degenerative neurogical disorder and genetic factors are considered the greatest factors in the development of the disease. This conditions begins gradually and worsens progressively over several years. It is caused by nerve cells dying in certain areas of the brain and the connections between the affected nerve cells deteriorate.
Patients with this type of stroke often suffer from depression. A stroke in the right hemisphere would exhibit left hemiplegia, memory deficits, dysphagia, impaired balance, and anosognosia (Collins, 2007). One would often have difficulties with
It is important to encourage to maintain independence. Know the most common types of dementia and their causes. 3.1) The most common causes of dementia are neurodegenerative disease where the brain cells die more quickly than normal which leads to a decline in the persons mental and physical abilities. Dementia can be caused by strokes, brain damage, old age, or it can be hereditary. 3.2) Symptoms of Alzheimer’s; Becoming more confused and forgetful, Mood swings, Becoming withdrawn due to loss of confidence, Having difficulty completing every
The Treatment of Auditory Comprehension in Aphasia SLP 6020 Language Disorders in Adults November 1, 2012 INTRODUCTION Auditory Comprehension (AC) is the understanding of a spoken language. When the brain endures a stroke, auditory modalities are damaged thus resulting in Aphasia. Categories of words, particularly semantic categories, materialize as the most prevalent dilemma in AC in aphasia. People with Aphasia (PWA) usually have epidemiological factors pending functions of various diseases and thus determining the pattern of incidence for the cerebrovascular accident (Hedge, 2008). Hedge reports that strokes occur every forty-five seconds and more than 300,000 people suffer a permanent disability yearly.
Dementia can affect the following key functions of the brain: - Temporal lobe - Parietal lobe - Frontal lobe - Occipital lobe - Hippocampus - Cerebrum lobe These all affect the function of: -Memory -Emotion -Cognitive skills -Perception -Behaviour -Communication -Senses and movement 1.3 Explain why depression, delirium and age related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia. Delirium, age related memory and depression often affect the memory and cognitive impairment, which can be mistaken for dementia. If someone is clinically depressed, their symptoms may be very similar to someone who has got dementia. Delirium, like dementia, is more common in older adults. Depression, delirium and age related memory impairment are all symptoms of dementia.
UNDERSTAND THE PROCESS AND EXPERIENCE OF DEMENTIA Task A 1. For each of the following forms of dementia, describe: • How is the brain affected • The symptoms an individual might experience. Alzheimer's disease is a degenerative brain disease. Most patients start exhibiting symptoms after they reach the age of 60. Alzheimer's disease affects the brain through exponentially greater cell death and tissue loss, resulting in a decreased brain size.
Certain jobs may be difficult to pursue. Accommodations need to be required and limitations may need to be acknowledged. Such adaptations influence perception of a crisis in a way that’s different from an individual with normal hearing. Hearing loss may trigger an identity crisis, and reactive depression may occur. Older adults who are hard of hearing often report that their hearing loss causes communication problems, which can result in difficulty thinking or concentrating.