Communicable Diseases Essay

617 WordsJul 30, 20133 Pages
“It is important for caregivers and early educators to be familiar with the communicable diseases, their signs, transmission routes, prevention strategies, and treatments.” (Groark, 2012). Two communicable diseases that affect childcare/schools are: influenza and ringworm. Influenza, commonly referred to as the flu, is a common virus that is easily passed around in a childcare/school setting. Influenza is a respiratory virus that spreads through the air. Sneezing or coughing; which are symptoms of the flu, can also be ways to spread the virus. It can also be spread through items an infected child may have touched, as they may have sneezed/coughed on them or not washed their hands. The symptoms of influenza are: a high fever, dry coughing, chills, loss of appetite, fatigue, aches/pains, sore throat, and nasal congestion. Generally, the flu improves after a few days. Though in some cases complications develop. Bronchitis or pneumonia, can develop and in extreme cases, deaths may occur. Since the flu virus is spread through contact directly and indirectly by an infected person, it is important to minimize contact with the infected person and any items they have touched. A great way to do this is to teach children to frequent wash their hands, use hand sanitizer, and to cover their mouths when they sneeze or cough. A teacher may also use cleaner such as a bleach solution or Lysol to help keep the classroom germ free. Ringworm, is a highly contagious fungal infection. Ringworm is named because the spots appear in the shape of rings with smooth centers and red scaly edges. Many children may even believe they have worms under the skin. These circles are most often found on the scalp. Sometimes the hair falls out within or near the spots. Though they are also found on arms, legs, backs, etc... The ringworm found on the body is usually spread through pets. The

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