Communicable Disease Essay

636 WordsMay 22, 20133 Pages
HCS/457 Communicable Disease Necrotizing fasciitis is a bacterial infection that affects soft tissue around the body. This research paper will include a brief description of necrotizing fasciitis, along with environmental factors, influences, and information on what public health is doing to help educate people on this bacteria. Disease Description Necrotizing fasciitis, also known has the flesh-eating bacteria, is a bacterial infection that eats away at the body’s soft tissue and is well known to spread rapidly throughout the body. Necrotizing fasciitis is a rare disease that is caused by either of a few different bacteria’s; Group A Strep, Klebsiella, Clostridium, E. Coli, Staphylococcus aureus and aeromonas hydrophilia (CDC, 2013). Each bacterium is associated with different levels of pain and soft tissue damage. Necrotizing means causing the death of tissues, which the toxin the bacteria is known to produce causes the death of skin tissue. Environmental Factors Researchers have found it difficult to pin point the exact environmental factors in necrotizing fasciitis but they have been able to narrow down a few factors. In adults their risk factors are increased when they have had exposure to children with strep throat, have the HIV infection, a history of drug injection use, diabetes, or cardiac disease. Hot risk factors also include age, Native American ethnicity, alcoholism and any other chronic disease (Factor, Levine & Schwartz. August 2003). Influences Has long has a person lives a healthy lifestyle their chances of a bacteria in their body becoming necrotizing fasciitis is greatly decreased. Keeping your body clean of lesions from cuts, scrapes, insect bites, any prior trauma or puncture wounds will keep bacterium at bay, therefore decreasing ones chances of contracting an infection. Socioeconomic status seems to play a minimal roll when it

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