Common Sense Theory of Self-Regulation

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Common-Sense Model of Self-Regulation Sherry Roberts University of Kentucky Common-Sense Model of Self-Regulation Medicine and health in its earliest beginnings focused on treatments and cures. People were expected to blindly obey what a doctor said just because he was a doctor. There has been a shift of simply “doing” what a doctor or medical professional tells you, to trying to understand the motivations behind behavior. Much of human cognition and behavior is characterized as inherently purposeful, directed to achieve goals and to reduce and remove obstacles to those goals (Cameron & Leventhal, 2003, p. 42-43). In other words humans are known problem solvers. Many of our daily activities can be considered acts of problem solving. Problem solving is defined as the process of finding solutions to troubles or difficulties ( Activities such as waking up in the morning and making school lunches and getting the kids to school, to balancing work, graduate school, and social life involve goal setting, comparing present and imagined future goals, and selecting and generating plans for goal attainment (Cameron & Leventhal, 2003, p. 43). Some have argued that any system capable of individual problem solving can be considered capable of self-regulation. This approach to self-regulation is based on the principle of a simple feedback loop or TOTE (test, operate, test, exit) system (Cameron & Leventhal, 2003, p. 43). This self-regulating system tests its current value against a reference value, operates to produce output that alters the input so it is closer to the reference value, and tests input against the reference value again, repeating the process until a satisfactory degree of concordance between the input and reference is met and the system ceases to produce an output (exit) (Cameron & Leventhal, 2003,

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