Columbus Essay

1026 WordsFeb 14, 20125 Pages
http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/database/article_display.cfm?HHID=663 * People have the question as to whether Columbus should be known as the person that brought the European culture to an unknown world, or whether he should be known as the man who brought diseases to the Natives, disrupted the American Ecosystem, and started the Atlantic slave trade. * The meeting of the Eastern and Western Hemispheres would create a cultural collision that would create an extraordinary change in the way people lived. * The diets of people in both hemispheres were reshaped by the new foods that they were eating. * Europeans introduced Americans to sugar, cattle, pigs, cloves, ginger, cardamon, and almonds. * The Americans introduced the Europeans to tomatoes, chocolate, potatoes, corn, green beans, peanuts, vanilla, pineapple, and turkey * In the New World crops such as tobacco, rice, and sugar were being produced to trade with the European markets * When the Europeans moved into the New World they changed the landscape of the New World. * Europeans cleared out large areas of land and introduced Old World weeds. * Cattle, pigs, goats, horses, and sheep that were introduced by the Europeans changed the ecology of America. * Grazing animals would eat up most of the native plants, which disrupted the agriculture system. * Horses allowed farmers to become hunters and herders; and now that hunters had horses they were able to kill more. * The Europeans brought with them to the New World a lot of new diseases that the Natives did not have any immunity to. * These diseases caused the greatest mass deaths in human history. * Smallpox, measles, mumps, and whooping cough caused the population of Native’s to decrease from 90 to 50 percent within only a century. * When the population of Native’s had been destroyed by the diseases

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