The Europeans introduced a deadly wave of small pox and the measles, where slaves from Africa were brought over to grow and harvest sugar cane. These factors resulted in cultural and biological changes to the Americas. These transformations that took place between the Old World and the New is named the Columbian Exchange by historians. The Columbian Exchange resulted in the introduction of rice, wheat, oats, barley, and sugar cane to the New World. Horses, cattle, pigs, sheep, goats and chickens were some of the animals that were brought as well.
No one had really known that part of the world even existed until Columbus arrived there. The voyage brought people together of different kinds of cultures. One of the results of bringing people of different cultures together was the introduction of new foods. The European explorers introduced wheat, barley, sugarcane, rice, olives, and bananas to the New World. The natives had introduced foods such as maize, potatoes, cocoa, peanuts, tomatoes, pineapples, and chili peppers.
The Europeans introduced the Americas to crops of wheat, barley, rice, and turnips, although these crops had little effect on the new world. When the Europeans introduced the Americas crops of white potatoes, sweet potatoes, maize, and manioc to the old world; they experienced improved nutritional value diets, increase caloric intake, and population growth. The white potato and maize had the most dramatic effect on the old world; Southern Africa adopted maize as a staple and began to harvest it; helping to format trading posts there. The white potato began to thrive in Europe having the most significant effect on Ireland where it promoted a rapid population increase. Ireland became so dependent on the white potato that when a potato blight raved the crops, Ireland experienced widespread famine.
He lost the Netherlands and lands in Germany. 2) What role did the Columbian exchange play in the formation of the Atlantic World? The Columbian Exchange was a widespread exchange of animals, plants, culture, human populations (including slaves), communicable disease, and ideas between the American and Afro-Eurasian hemispheres following the voyage to the Americas by Christopher Columbus in 1492. contact between the two areas circulated a wide variety of new crops and livestock which supported increases in population in both hemispheres. Explorers returned to Europe with maize, potatoes, and tomatoes, which became very important crops in Europe by the 18th century. Similarly, Europeans introduced manioc and peanut to tropical Asia and West Africa, where they flourished and supported growth in populations on soils that otherwise would not produce large yields.
During the period of 1500 B.C. to 600 B.C. up to 1492 A.D. Paleoanthropologists studied the evolution and prehistory of humans has concluded that the origins of humanity lie in savannah regions of Africa. All people today are very likely descendants of beings who lived in Africa millions years ago. West Africans looked to the Americas as a source of trade, commerce, a place to settle and a place to build new civilizations.
Brought sugar, different kinds of grains, and fruits B. How the discovery of the New World had a significant impact on the European diet 1. Spaniards brought important products 2. Potatoes,tomatoes,beans, and maize back to Europe C. Negative aspect of the European discovery 1. Became huge historical debate focusing on the role of the conquerors 2.
This enabled trade that region to occur faster than ever before. Another change in the Indian Ocean’s commerce came through new strains of cereals and maize found in the America’s, which became a new commodity for trade. Along with grains came another new commodity for trade: humans. During 1000-1750 AD, the Fatimid Dynasty, a Muslim government in Egypt, began to slowly take over surrounding regions in Africa. After permeating African society, Muslim merchants began capturing slaves and selling them to buyers in Arabia, where slaves were prized as status symbols.
Colonialism is the expansion of a nation's control over territory beyond its borders and has direct political and economic control over the country and its people. European colonialism began as early as in the fifteenth century with the Portuguese and Spanish exploration of the Americas, the coasts of Africa and India. However it was not until the 17th century that Britain, France and Holland established their overseas colonies. The Berlin Conference of 1884 decided which European countries get which territories in Africa which led to the most rapid form of European expansion called the ‘Scramble for Africa’ which took place between 1886 and 1914. The countries involved in the ‘Scramble for Africa’ were Britain, France, Portugal, Spain, Belgium, Germany and Italy.
Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is a well-known root crop which derives its origin from South and Central America and was introduced into Africa in the 16th century (FAO, 2005). Cassava is one of the important staples that is grown throughout the tropics and consumed by almost every household and is often intercropped with other crops (Bassey et al. 2014). The crop can easily adapt to climate and soil conditions, hence its ability to grow and be available all year round. This feature gives it superior advantage over other tuber crops like yams, cocoyam and potato.