Did having an Empire make Britain great? The British empire was huge – an empire is a group of countries ruled by another country- by 1900 Britain ruled countries including India, Canada, South Africa and Australia. Business people in Britain wanted to sell things in new places. They also wanted to use some of the things that come from other parts of the world. This is the reason Britain took over countries.
Task 3: Historical Systems of Power, Governance, and Authority Part A The rise of imperialism in India by the British occurred in the mid-18th century. Because India was abundant in wares such as tea, spices and cloth, the European countries wanted to take advantage of this great opportunity. There was a confrontation between the British and French trading companies and the British won which led to the occupation of India (Aggarwal, 2013). This imperialism in India was very lucrative for Britain which made them want to intensify their influence and command over the people of India. This influence disregarded and ignored the Indian’s customs, traditions and culture which led to the resentment of the British.
The question presented asks for an explanation as to why European rulers promoted exploration and colonization in North America. Keywords: Exploration and Colonization in North America Power is a great motivating factor for rulers to seek new land and increase trade and wealth for their country. This became a situation where greed and envy ruled the leaders in charge of sending military and sea forces into unknown territories Berkin, Miller, Cherny, Gormly & Egerton, 2010). The two reasons of note behind the motivation of Europeans exploring to North America are religious freedom and economic opportunity. It is true the three G’s of attraction to Europe was Gold, Glory, and God and remains to still be a strong force behind the world today.
Kevin Hall February 20, 2014 History 109 TTH 9:35am-11:10am Consumerism in Colonial America During the pre-revolutionary war era, our country was going through a drastic period of development that would lay down the spiritual and business foundations of our country. Immigrants were seeking religious freedom from parliament in Britain. Ports all along the eastern seaboard had an abundance of merchants and shopkeepers who sought to stimulate and to satisfy consumer demand for imported goods. In T.H. Breen’s essay “World of Goods in the Northern Colonies,” he states “that colonial Americans were increasingly concerned with becoming part of an empire of goods in the eighteenth century.” Colonial consumerism changed immigrant’s image of the colonies from a spiritual journey to an economically prosperous journey.
Economic motives included the desire to make money, to expand and control foreign trade, to create new markets for products, to acquire raw materials and cheap labor, to compete for investments and resources, and to export industrial technology and transportation methods. Political motives were based on a nation's desire to gain power, to compete with other European countries, to expand territory, to exercise military force, to gain prestige by winning colonies, and to boost national pride and security. Religious motives included the desire to spread Christianity, to protect European missionaries in other lands, to spread European values and moral beliefs, to educate peoples of other cultures. Exploratory motives were based on the desire to explore "unknown" or uncharted territory, to conduct scientific research, to conduct medical searches for the causes and treatment of diseases, to go on an adventure, and to investigate "unknown" lands and cultures. Originally Ghāzī warriors depended upon stealing to make a living, and were prone to incitement to rebellion in times of peace.
He was a historian on the rise of industrial capitalism, socialism, and nationalism. He believed that the cause of WWI was due to industrial capitalism. Countries felt as if they had to have close ties with their militaries in order to ensure that their industry would prosper. There was clear heated competition amongst countries that had achieved success economically. Essentially, every country not only wanted to better themselves economically but also strongly desired expansion.
Political, social, and economic changes in the 19th century aided the rise of Western powers in many ways. Nationalism spread and lead to the unification of Europe, such as Germany and Italy. Reforms changed the economy, also promoting unity through Europe. These are all different examples of how political, social, and economic changes aided the rise of Western power. First, Nationalism changed the map of Europe because it lead to unification.
Imperialism began in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century’s affecting many countries, for example, China, India, Africa, and South America were all affected by imperialism. Although the New Imperialism resulted from industrialized nations seeking control of foreign territories, the conditions that motivated and fueled the great expansion for industrialized nations were mostly based on economic motives. As Europe gained significant power strongly centered nation states emerged. Several factors contributed to the Europeans conquest of Africa. One staggering advantage was Europeans technological superiority.
A good way to get more materials involves finding more land to claim that has the materials on them, thus the British colonization of North America. When the British began to colonize the Americas they came into a huge amount of raw materials that allowed them to begin making finished goods that sold for more than then raw materials. The Americas also gave the British a domestic trading partner, with a domestic trading partner Britain began to make even more money. When the British began realizing the tremendous amount of materials the colonists were sitting on Britain shut down trade to other nations which put a collar on the growing American economy and gave the British a monopoly over a large amount of trade. The role of mercantilism to the colonial process of North America was very important.
In their competition for colonies and trade, European nations grew a strong sense of national pride. Some nations felt superior then their neighbors if they had more colonial power. As more Europeans colonized Africa, a sense of superiority among Europeans grew. Racist attitudes were taken against Africans because they’re scientific and technological progress was nowhere as evolved as that of the Europeans. A popular theory among Europeans, called Social Darwinism, was that those who were fittest for survival enjoyed wealth and success and considered better than others.