The net cash inflow and cash outflow are calculated using sales and production figures for the next 8 years. The unit cost from the first year is £0.89 which is the cost per mashing without depreciation and divided by 13,000 bottles. From this information provided, the cost will increase by 3.5% and also the selling price will increase by 4% every year (reference 4). These figures are based on the current rate inflation of 4% which is shown in appendix 9 The capital allowances are worked out on cased of 20% (Reference 5) and the annual investment allowance is £100,000 is available (Reference 6) in the first year which is restricted to £87,359. This figure is substrated from the acquisition giving a result of £332,641 which is the written down value.
Levered’s perpetual debt has a market value of $300 million and the required return on its debt is 7%. Levered’s stock sells for $100 per share, and there are 5 million shares outstanding. Unlevered has 8 million shares outstanding worth $90 each. Unlevered has no debt. These firms operate in the Modigliani-Miller world with no taxes.
c) Prepare all the journal entries for Kingdom for 2012. Assume a calendar year fiscal year. Correct Answer: The lease is a sales-type lease because: (1) the lease term exceeds 75% of the asset’s estimated economic life, (2) collectibility of payments is reasonably assured and there are no further costs to be incurred, and (3) Kingdom Leasing Inc. realized
Now suppose Gladstone has zero-coupon debt with a $100 million face value due next year. b. What is the initial value of Gladstone’s debt? c. What is the yield-to-maturity of the debt? What is its expected return?
Net initial investment outlay is $302,040. (Cost of new system + Installation) + (Proceeds from old equipment + Tax on proceeds + Removal cost) = Total cost + NCF (old) = 303,000 +-960 2. Tax depreciation savings = (36% tax rate) x (depreciation of each year) Depreciation for each year based on MACRS 5-year (Wikipedia) 3. Incremental cash flows = (Deprn. Tax savings + A.T. cost savings) each year [pic]2.
Assume that the bond is a zero coupon bond (i.e., the only payment is the one at maturity) and that company Z has no other debt outstanding. Other relevant parameters are as follows: • • • • • Company Z current asset value: €100 million Total bond issue face value: €80 million (i.e., leverage of 80%) Risk free interest rate: 2% Standard deviation of return on company Z assets: 30% Bond maturity date: one year from
* $18 M purchase price * $1.8 M selling price * Investment in PPE (2007) was $16 M * Investment in PPE (2008) was $2 M * $4 M in Sales (2008) * $10 M in Sales (2009-2013) * COGS: 75% of Sales * SG&A: 5% of Sales * $2 M Operating Savings (2008) * $3.5 M Operating Savings (2009-2013) * Depreciation was on a straight-line basis for 6 years beginning in 2008 * $18 M / 6 years = $3 M * 40% tax rate * NWC: 10% of Sales * Salvage value was zero * The FCF per year was determined using the following: * Net Income + Depreciation Expense - ∆ Net Working Capital + Investment in PPE After generating the FCF for each year, I had to solve for NPV and IRR to value the investment. I calculated 2 NPVs—one using Excel’s NPV equation and the other by discounting each year’s FCF using the WACC I calculated earlier. Both methods gave me negative NPVs. * Excel NPV: ($489,344.33) * Discounted FCF NPV: ($538,153.89) Lastly, I used Excel to
Increase 2. Bond computations: Straight-line amortization Southlake Corporation issued $900,000 of 8% bonds on March 1, 20X1. The bonds pay interest on March 1 and September 1 and mature in 10 years. Assume the independent cases that follow. • Case A—The bonds are issued at 100.
In each year net Income was neigitve. Adding back non- cash restructing expenses, probably due to asset write downs or write offs, brought total cash from operation positive. There was also the add back of the non-cash depreicaition expense. In addition, A/R and Inventory decreased in ’90 and ’91 – causing a postive cash inflow. These are not good signs.