Observing Changes – Materials & Procedures Materials Water Copper (II) sulphate (Powder) Copper (II) sulphate solution Iron nail Sodium carbonate Hydrochloric acid Magnesium ribbon Flame (candle) Sugar Aluminum foil Test tubes Test tube rack Tongs Medicine dropper Spoons Beakers Safety goggles Scoopulas Procedures Water and Copper (II) Sulphate Procedure 1. Add a small amount of solid copper (II) sulphate to a test tube with a scoopula. Record the physical properties. 2. Write a hypothesis on what you think will happen when water is added.
To perform this experiment, we will utilize emission spectra, titrations, and thermal gravimetric analysis, using knowledge from Experiments 10, 4, Titrations of Na2CO3 and NAHCO3 by HCl (hydrochloric acid) will be performed to determine the concentration of HCl, as well as the number of moles of HCl present within the sample of baking soda. As a result, we will be able to determine the molar concentration of HCl by determining its equivalence point (the point on the graph where the exact amount of rectant needed to perform a reaction has been added) from graphical analysis. Na2CO3(aq.) + HCl(aq.) ==> NaHCO3(aq.)
Lab 4: Determination of Percent by Mass of the Composition in a Mixture by Gravimetric Analysis Introduction Thermal gravimetric analysis is used to determine the percent by mass is used to determine the percent by mass of a component in a mixture. When a mixture is heated to an appropriately high temperature, one component in the mixture decomposes to form a gaseous compound. The mass of this particular component is related to the mass of the gaseous compound. In this experiment, the percent by mass of sodium hydrogen carbonate (NaHCO3) and potassium chloride (KCl) in a mixture will be determined. Experimental First, we weighed 2 samples, each has 1 gram of NaHCO3-KCl mixture Second, we put the samples in 2 crucibles (A and B) and weighed them.
Title: 1pt Stoichiometry Of A Precipitation Reaction 2. Procedure: 2pt (Write the procedure in your own words after you have read the lab manual) Put on goggles the weigh 1.0 of CaCl*2H2O and put it in 100ml beaker. Add 25 mil of water and stir. I will then use stoichmetry to figure out how much Na2CO3 I will need for a full reaction. I will weigh this and put it in a separate cup.
ABSTRACT In the “Density, Accuracy, Precision and Graphing” experiment, the purpose was to determine the density of water and the concentration of a saline solution as well as to compare the accuracy and precision of a graduated cylinder and a graduated pipet. Based on the instructions of the lab manual, Fundamentals of Chemistry, the experiment was performed in three parts, Part A: Density of Water-The density of water was calculated by measuring the mass of three different volumes: 10mL, 30mL and 50mL. Part B: Accuracy and Precision was performed using a 100mL beaker, 10mL graduated pipet and deionized water. The experiment was performed three times; each time, 10mL of water was added to the beaker and recalculated. Part C: Density of Sodium Chloride (NaCl) Solution, a sample of NaCl was obtained and measured using a 100mL beaker and a 10mL pipet to determine the concentration of the solution.
Hydrate Lab The purpose of this lab is to analyze the percent water in a crystalline hydrate and to indentify the hydrate from a list of possible unknowns. The solid hydrate will be heated to remove the water, and the percent can be found by measuring the mass of the solid before and after heating. The hydrate will be indentified by comparing the percent water in the hydrate with the percent water calculated for the possible unknown. Before the lab there are pre-lab questions: 1. Describe the three general safety rules for working with a Bunsen burner.
Prelaboratory preparation: Read pages 1 – 30 and 45 – 54 of the lab text. You may disregard the microscale distillation procedures of TECH 0704. Answer in your laboratory notebook the Safety Quiz on pages 11 – 12 and the Prelab Questions 1, 2a, 2b, 3 -5, pp. 67 - 68. EXPERIMENT: TECH 0704, Distillation, macroscale technique only, simple and fractional: Substitute a mixture of 25 mL ethanol and 25 mL water for the toluene/cyclohexane mixture.
The purpose of this lab was to find the molecular weight of two unknown substances by analyzing the freezing points in cyclohexane and to provide a visual representation of the freezing point depression effect. The theory of this lab is; by using measurements of mass of the unknown substances (solute) in correlation with the mass of the cyclohexane (solvent) and the freezing point constant of the solvent, you could determine the molecular weight of the solute by using the same math involved in deciding the freezing point of the solution/ The theory behind the visual of the FPD effect is that if one was to record the freezing point of a solution and two solutions of the same substances with more solute, one would see a visible drop in freezing point. The equations you needed for this lab were the freezing point formula for organic substances (ΔFp=(m)Kf) and the
1) Jeffrey Cox CHE111-DL01 Lab number 10 Stoichiometry of a Precipitation Reaction 2) Purpose/ Intro. In this lab we will be able to calculate the actual, theoretical, and percent yield of the product from a precipitation reaction. We will thusly learn the concepts of solubility and the formation of a precipitate. A precipitate reaction is a reaction in which soluble ions in separate solutions are mixed together to form an insoluble compound that settles out of the combined solution as a solid. The solid then is the insoluble compound, called a precipitate.
Heats of Solution and Reaction Name: Cindy Hernandez Purpose: The purpose of this experiment is to decided if the chemical reactions are exothermic and endothermic. By finding the differences between each temperature. Overview: For this lab, we had three different chemicals involved NH4Cl, H2SO4, and NaOH. What we did with these chemicals was that we added water, except NaOH we added HCl, was that we combined both mixtures to determine if there was a temperature change. The reason why we're determining if their was a chemical reaction is to identify if it is exothermic or endothermic.