Understand how to handle information in social care settings- Unit 209 1.1 All information, however it is stored, is subject to the date protection act 1998, which covers medical records social service records, credit information, local authority information and so on. Anything relating to a person, whether fact or opinion, is personal data. Data is the same thing as information in relation to the Act. Anyone processing personal date must comply with the eight enforceable principles of good practice laid down in the Data Protection Act 1998. Data must be: Fairly and lawfully protected Processed for limited purposes Adequate, relevant and not excessive Accurate Not kept for longer than necessary Processed in accordance with the date subject's rights Kept secure Not transferred to countries without adequate protection.
Once something is written down or entered into a computer, it becomes a permanent record. For this reason, you must be very careful what you do with any files, charts, notes or any other written records. They must always be stored somewhere locked and safe. You should never take people’s personal files outside of your work premises if you work in a residential or hospital setting. Records that are kept on computers must also be kept and protected.
For example if a individual is at risk or if they have been given new medication etc., any other information on a individual should be kept confidential, some locked away just for managers. Service user files at houses should be available for them to look at and staff and should be updated accordingly. Health and social care Act 2012- this is an act of the parliament of the United Kingdom, it provides for the most extensive organisation of the structure of the National Health Service in England. Human Rights Act 1998- It came in force in the United Kingdom in October 2000, it gives you the right to defend your rights in the UK courts and that public organisations, including the government, the police and local councils must treat everyone equally, with fairness, dignity and respect. There are also the Data protection principles, these are: 1.
Diploma lvl3 Health and social care Robyn Reeder Date- 10-03-2015 Unit- . Understand how to handle information in social care settings 4229-307 1.1.The Data Protection Act 1998 is a key piece of legislation to ensure people's rights regarding the confidentiality of their personal information. It highlights 8 principles that define good practice when handling someone else's personal data and breaching these principles can lead to serious legal implications. In health and social care many policies and procedures are based on the principles of the Data Protection Act to ensure that client details remain confidential. The Human Rights Act 1998 also states the right to a private life.
They must make sure the information is: * used fairly and lawfully * used for limited, specifically stated purposes * used in a way that is adequate, relevant and not excessive * accurate * kept for no longer than is absolutely necessary * handled according to people’s data protection rights * kept safe and secure * not transferred outside the UK without adequate protection http://www.rac.co.uk/privacy-policy The RAC follows the rules laid out in the Data Protection Act 1998 by only using the data submitted to them by customers for the purpose that is was submitted for, for example health data for your registration under the Motability Scheme. The Computer Misuse Act is another legal issue that businesses must take into account. This Act was introduced in attempt to prevent and protect businesses from viruses, hackers, copyright infringements and fraud on their computer systems. The Computer Misuse Act has made it illegal to: * gain unauthorised access to a computer’s data for the purpose of blackmailing * commit software piracy by copying programs illegally * hack into and gain unauthorised access to a computer’s data * gain access to a computer’s data without permission with the purpose of altering or deleting it or to plant a virus There are also ethical issues that a business must follow as to how it is run, including the use of its information. Ethics are a set of principles that a business should follow in
Unit307 1.1+1.2 the legislation that relates to handing information is the access to personal files act 1987/ the data protection act 1998/ the freedom of information act 2000 / human rights / health and social care act 2008. The main points of these laws is so that people can see what information is being held by authorities about them. I.e. medical information/ police records/ or social services files. This information cannot be accessed by any other person all information held by local authorities and the National Health Service is personal information.
Unit 307 Outcome 1 1.There are numerous pieces of legislation and codes of practice designed to protect individuals. These are to protect from the breeches of confidentiality were the information held on that of the individual is only reviewed by staff directly involved in their care. The data act 1998 is a piece of legislation which defines the law on processing data of people living within the United Kingdom. One of the central codes of practice in health and social care has been provided by the GSCC and it sets standards of practise and behaviour for staff working in those areas, including information and maintaining confidentiality. 2.
HSC038 Promote good practice in handling information in health and social care settings To understand the requirements for handling information in health and social care settings, the first step is to identify the legislation: The Data Protection Act 1998. This Act stipulates the rules for manual and electronic processing of personal data (e.g. names, addresses, dates of birth etc.) and ensures that every company which keeps such records is responsible for the data collected, how it is used and to whom it can be given. This Act has eight legally enforceable ‘data protection principles’: • Information must be processed fairly and lawfully • It must be used for limited and declared purposes • It must be accurate, up to date and relevant • Information must be held no longer than necessary • It must be kept secure • May not be transferred overseas unless safeguards are in place • Individuals have a legal right to see any personal information you have stored about them Confidentiality is a central trust between a service user and a health and social care setting to enable an open, beneficial and honest relationship.
1. Identify legislation and codes of practice that relate to handling information in health and social care Legislation: • Data Protection Act 1988 • Freedom of Information Act 2000 • Health and Social Care Act 2008 - Essential Standards Codes of Practice • Health and Care Professional Council • Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO) • Local or internal codes of practice (your employers policies and procedures) 2. Summarise the main points of legal requirements and codes of practice for handling information in health and social care The purpose of the Data Protection Act 1988 is to protect the rights and privacy of individuals and to ensure that data about them is not shared without their knowledge or consent. This Act controls how personal information is used by organisations, business’ or Government. Those who have access to this data must follow strict rules called “data protection principles” and must make sure information is:- • Used fairly and lawfully • Used for limited, specifically stated purpose • Used in a way that is adequate, relevant and not excessive • Accurate • Kept for no longer than absolutely necessary • Handled accordingly to people’s data protection rights.
UNIT HSC38 ASSESSMENT ONE I and everyone that work with patients and clients personal information are governed by the Human Rights Act 1998 and also the Data Protection Act 1998. The right to private life includes information about us; this would include medical records, letters, photographic material and diaries. All this information is kept private and confidential, and would be kept safe, unless Authorities may need to access this information; i.e. Emergency services, such as the Police, Hospital, or a Doctor on call, as the clients own G.P. would have most clients’ information at hand.