Cold War Space Race

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COLD WAR SPACE RACE The cold war between the U.S. and Russia brought out a competition on who would make it to space first the space race. The space race brought out Americas competitive personality the space race change America because they change humanity by having a human being land on the moon. This space race between the two world powers change humanity with breaking limits of new technology for space travel. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is formed, it replaces the National Advisory Committee on Aeronautics (NACA) in October 1 1958. In 1957 the space race had begun between two of the most powerful countries in October of that year the U.S.S.R launch sputnik 1 in orbit a month later sputnik 2 is launch with a small dog named Laika. The U.S. tries to catch up by launching two satellites but one fails to reach orbit but one of the satellites discovers the van Allen belt. IN 1959 Luna 1 is the first man made object to hit the solar orbit. Luna 2 is the first man made object to hit the moon. By November 8 JFK is elected president he tells NASA that he wants the U.S. to get mankind in space before Russia. The space race was heating up and NASA was trying to reach JFK demands of being first in space a military pilot John Glenn was selected for the project mercury astronaut training. He went thought vigorous training but was named mercury 7. On February 26 1962 Glenn was in earth orbit for 5 hours and spinning 3 times. After this mission Glenn became a Hero John F. Kennedy gave him the NASA distinguished service medal and numerous accolades. NASA then selects a second group of astronauts to orbit around the earth six times. IN 1965 ED white American astronaut does the first moon walk. THE moon landing mission by NASA was on July 16 1969 Apollo 11 was launch from JFK space center on July 20 the Apollo 11 had landed on the moon, and Neil

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