Cold War: Space Race

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During the Cold War there was a fight for economic and political dominance between the United States and their allies, and the Soviet Union and their allies. This struggle brought a lot of tension between these two countries as they both searched for newer ways to develop and enhance their rocket systems to deliver nuclear pay loads. It was during this time that an elaborate competition between the United States and the Soviet Union to be the first to land a man on the moon developed. This competition was known as the Space Race. The Soviets started out way ahead of the Americans in this race. They had a better scientific community and more technological advances during this time of the Cold War with the appeal to the scientists that had developed German rockets during WWII. That is not to say that the Americans didn’t have knowledge to build missiles as well. They had started working on a new missile that would reach further distances than any of the previously developed missiles. These missiles were known as the intercontinental ballistic missile, otherwise known as the ICBM. The Americans started working on this technology in 1946. Due to lack of funding, the program had only gotten as far as partially testing their version of an ICBM, the MX-774, before the program was terminated in 1948. The program was restarted in 1951 and the Americans started retesting the MX-774 and developed another ICBM missile as well called the B-65, which will later be named the Atlas missile. The Soviet Union started working on the ICBM program in 1953 under the leadership of a well known scientist and rocket developer, Sergey Korlyov. After many attempts he was able to come up with a multi staged rocket that would go further than any they had previously developed. Korlyov’s missile design became known as the R-7 Cold War: Space Race 3 missile. In August of 1957 the R-7
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