Cold War Questions

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Key Question 4: Who was to blame for the Cold War? Specified Content • Why did the USA-USSR alliance begin to break down in 1945? • How had the USSR gained control of Eastern Europe by 1948? • How did the USA react to Soviet expansionism? • Who was more to blame for the start of the Cold War, the USA or the USSR? The origins of the Cold War; the 1945 summit conferences including the parts played by Churchill, Roosevelt, Stalin and Truman, and the breakdown of the USA-USSR alliance in 1945–6; Soviet expansion in Eastern Europe; the Iron Curtain; the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan; the Berlin Blockade and its immediate consequences. June 2012 | Q.2 (a) What was the Iron Curtain? [4] (b) Explain why Berlin was a cause of tension between East and West between 1945 and 1949. [6] (c) How successful was the West in containing Communism in Europe up to 1949? Explain your answer? [10] | Jan 2012 | Q.2 (a) What decisions about Germany were taken at Yalta and Potsdam? [4] (b) Explain why the wartime allies disagreed about Poland in 1945. [6] (c) The following were equally to blame for increasing Cold War tensions before 1950: i. Soviet expansion in Eastern Europe; ii. The Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan; and iii. The Berlin Blockade.How far do you agree with this statement? Explain your answer referring only to i, ii and iii. [10] | June 11 | Q.2 (a) Describe what happened at the Potsdam Conference. [4] (b) Explain why the USA-USSR alliance had broken down by 1947. [6] (c) Which country had the more successful policies in Europe between 1945 and 1949: the USA or the USSR? Explain your answer. [10] | Jan 11 | 1(b) Explain why the USSR blockaded West Berlin in 1948. [8] | June 10 | 1(b) Explain why the USA was hostile towards the Soviet Union in the years 1945 to 1949. [4] | Jan 10 | Q.2 (a) What was
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