Running Head: FLUOXETINE AND COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL THERAPY Treatment of Depression in Adolescents: Effectiveness of Combing Fluoxetine and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Elizabeth Bledsoe Truman State University Abstract Adolescents face depression due to many stressors they experience. Symptoms of depression can range from irregular sleep patterns to suicide. Antidepressants are commonly used to treat depression. The most noted antidepressant is fluoxetine, also known as Prozac. Studies have shown that fluoxetine use alone is somewhat effective in treating depression; however, newer treatments need to be found.
Addiction Addiction is a persisitent, compulsive dependence on a behavior or substance, including mood-altering behaviors or activities, despite ongoing negative consequences. Two Types of addictions: Substance addictions (alcoholism, drug abuse, and smoking) Process addictions (gambling, spending, shopping, eating, and sexual activity) There is a growing recognotion that many addicts, such as polydrug abusers, are addicted to more than one substance or process. Addictive behaviors initially provide a sense of pleasure or stability that is beyond the addict's power to achieve in other ways. Eventually, the addicted person needs to do the behavior in order to feel normal. 23% of college students meet the medical criteria for substance
The fact that both twins wouldn’t always develop schizophrenia means that another factor must be involved, for example family environment. Too much or too little of a particular neurotransmitter may produce psychological disorders. For example, an increased level of dopamine is linked to schizophrenia, and drugs like cocaine, which increase dopamine levels, can lead to schizophrenia like problems. Also, depression can be effectively managed and often treated with drugs that manage serotonin levels in the brain. However, Watson et al found that low serotonin levels may in fact be due to environmental factors.
Empathy and drug addiction Thomas Dawson Interpersonal Communication Empathy is the ability of one person to understand another’s point of view, and is important in some approaches to drug addiction treatment, in which the empathizer understands the addict’s point of view as valid. Empathy is powerful in building trust, and in developing a good relationship with the user, especially if the user’s behavior has lead to judgment and criticism from others in the past. It takes some people a very hard time to have empathy for drug addicts especially if they never had to go through life knowing and loving someone addicted to something as evil as drugs. Then after all the time, sweat and tears of understanding what empathy really means and to finally stop all the negativity and hate towards someone you love and to finally want to help this person you lose them to the power of the addiction. This happens every day to people all over the world, even me, and is a topic that people need to hear and understand.
Extreme use of alcohol and other drugs can damage the brain and can sometimes cause hallucinations or other symptoms of a mental disorder but is only usually caused by excessive use of alcohol and drugs. Another cause for a mental disorder is infection. Infection can lead to the rise of mental illnesses and schizophrenia has been linked to flu. Another physical cause of a mental disorder is the biochemistry including neurotransmitters and hormones. Neurotransmitters are known to have an impact on behaviour such as high levels of nor adrenaline and dopamine are seen when a depressed mood is evident e.g.
Rehabilitation is a treatment that facilitates the process of recovery from diseases and illness. Rehabilitation treatment includes all forms of therapies, as well as a medical prescription. Medical prescription is the provision of non-addictive drugs that prevents a given patient of disease from using substances or alcohol. It also treats the mental disorders of the dual diagnosis patients. Therapies are used to help both patients come into terms with the conditions, and try to curb their addiction problems.
(About.com, 2012) In the treatment for alcohol and drug dependence, the goal of cognitive behavioural therapy is to teach the individual to recognise situations in which they are most likely to consume alcohol or use drugs, avoid these circumstances if possible, and cope with additional problems and behaviours which may result in their substance abuse. (About.com.
Depending on the persons personal situation and preferences depends on the best treatment for that person. Psychotherapy helps adults and children retrain their thought patterns and routines so the compulsive behaviors are no longer present. Certain psychiatric medications can help someone control the obsessions and compulsions of OCD. Antidepressants are usually the first drug to be helpful for OCD; it helps increase the levels of serotonin. Before anyone is treated for OCD, it is very important for that person to understand the pros and cons of the treatments available to
A Meaning-Centered Therapy for Addictions. Int J ment health addiction, 10: 428-440. The author describes a treatment for addiction, response to living a life with little personal training. He also describe the meaning of center approach as an attempt to improve effectiveness of treatment by recognizing and maladaptive coping skills. The Meaning centered approach also add insight into nature of addiction.
Explain factors related to the development of substance abuse or addictive behaviour & examine prevention strategies and treatments for substance abuse and addictive behaviour (22 marks) A substance is anything that people can ingest to alter mood, cognition or behaviour: specifically to induce feelings of self-confidence, fun or relaxation. However, there is an issue with ‘substances’, in that they can often cause a dependence or addiction. An addiction can be described as the behavioural and other responses that include compulsion to certain substances continuously, in order to avoid psychological and physiological deficits in the absence of the substance: namely discomfort, anxiety etc. An addiction may relate to anything in one’s life which may cause the process of uncontrollable usage. This essay shall seek to outline the key reasons for development of a substance abuse, whilst assessing the prevention strategies and treatment for the subsequent substance abuses and addictive behaviours - with key reference to smoking and addiction to nicotine.