CBT is a problem-solving/task-centered approach which recognizes and challenges illogical and faulty beliefs in an effort to change negative or destructive behavior. CBT combines elements of both cognitive and behavior therapy to track and modify the thoughts and behaviors of the client in order to increase desired behaviors and thoughts and to decrease undesired behaviors and thoughts while improving problem solving skills. The major goal of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy is to alter unproductive behaviors and thought patterns in an effort to improve the perceived problem and undesired behaviors. Some of its general goals are to increase desired behaviors and thoughts, decrease undesirable behaviors and thoughts and improve problem solving skills. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy is divided into three major phases.
In other words, behaviors are controlled by whatever follows the behavior. In relation to psychopathology, it is our operant behaviors that effect who we are and our environment around us. These are considered our consequences, which then react again back unto us as a result of our behaviors. The overall goal is to help the client make the necessary changes in their behavior which can then provide better meaning and coping skills for the future. As the clinician, you will assess the behavior of the client and then define the problem behaviorally.
The therapy focuses on altering an individual's mental pattern in order to adjust his or her actions and emotions. Cognitive behavioral therapy posits that an emotionally healthy person’s thoughts trigger resulting beliefs and actions. In other words, if one were to encounter undesirable emotions and behaviors, it is important to recognize the thoughts that are initiating the feelings and behaviors. It is also important to understand how to substitute these thoughts with constructive thinking that guides one to more pleasant responses. (Shean, 2003) Aaron Beck is the developer of cognitive behavior theory.
Your therapist helps you identify negative thoughts and evaluate how realistic these thoughts are. Then, he or she teaches you to “unlearn” negative thought patterns and “learn” new, helpful ones. CBT is a problem-solving approach. You cannot control other people or situations, but you can control the way you perceive and react. CBT teaches you the skills to change your thinking and manage your reactions to stressful people and situations.
Describe how the cognitive approach has been applied to RET The cognitive approach believes that we are information processors. Our thinking and the way we process and interpret events can affect our behaviour particularly our mood. Therefore rational emotional therapy is linked to the approach because its attempts to change the way an individual interprets and thinks about certain events. Ret was devised by albert ellis in the 1950’s. it tries to tackle mustabatory thinking (the thinking that you must be good at everything and like by everyone) by trying to make the patient think more rationally about situations.
Counselling/ counselling ideas may help to cope with the challenges of ‘change’ ‘The more I am willing to be myself in all this complexity of life […] the more I am willing to understand and accept the realities in myself and in the other person […]” Rogers (1961). In order to tackle changes in a client’s life, it is important for the counsellor themselves to be self-aware and have an understanding of others’ values, beliefs and attitudes although they may conflict with their own. The counsellor is there to help the client adapt to these changes, helping clients to push out old information and take in new- this however is also an aspect of change which the counsellor has to help the client pursue whilst keeping ethical and professional boundaries. Changes are accompanied by strong emotions, both negative and positive and counselling is able to support the transition from one state to another. When looking at coping with change it is not possible to ignore some of the events which change our development, life events which cause significant change are called transitions (Jeffery, J in Aldridge, S & Rigby, S 2004).
The most interesting item to me was learning about “Locus of Control” and whether you or the members of your group possess a strong internal or external control. This can really help when determining what type of reward to use in order to motivate members or the group as a whole. How does this knowledge affect the way you interact in groups? It effects my interactions with groups in that I will be more cognizant of the members and group when dealing with incentives to motivate. As stated in our text book Engleberg and Wynn (2010), “Rewards should be associated with worthy behavior and should be
Reflecting on my activities can help me learn from other people’s strategies. Reflections also helps me to find my weakness and strengths so that I can develop and improve on them. Reflecting on myself is a complex activity that requires the individual to develop a set skills. When I reflect I stand back and think of situation or problem, gain a new perspective of something and make sense of my experience and construct meaning and knowledge that direct actions in practice. I use evidence to help me to decide on any decisions I make.
Social learning theory suggests that aggression is learnt, by observing others acting aggressively. For the social learning theory an individual would observe a model and try to recreate the models behavior who has repeatedly been reinforced. Before the individual can reinact the aggressive behavior they must form mental representations of it in their mind and commit these to memory. The individual will learn what acts would be rewarded and what acts would be punished and commit this to memory. They must then enable how they will enact these behaviours in their mind and believe that they have a similar ability to the model to be able to have the same effect as the model.
People that influence you, you tend to look up to them and listen to what they have to say and what they do. This would mean you are trying to copy the way they are. You would copy their behaviour and the way they do things and you may copy certain things about them that you never had before. The behaviourist approach is when they learn through punishment and positive reinforcement. If they do something wrong then they get punished for it and get told to do the right thing which will make them learn and remember the right behaviour.