Cognitive Development Theories Essay

826 WordsFeb 24, 20124 Pages
According to Piaget, from earliest infancy children actively build schemes as they manipulate and explore their world. By acting on the world during the sensor motor stage, infants make strides in intentional behavior and understanding of object permanence. In the last of six sub stages, toddlers transfer their action-based schemes to a mental level, and representation appears. Recent research, especially in the areas of physical reasoning and problem solving, indicates that a variety of sensor motor capacities emerge earlier than Piaget believed rising questions about the accuracy of his account of sensor motor development. The information-processing approach focuses on the development of mental strategies for storing and interpreting information. With age, infants attend to more aspects of their environment and remember information over longer periods of time. Findings on infant categorization suggest that babies structure experience in adult like ways. Vygotsky’s social cultural theory stresses that cognitive development is socially mediated as adults help infants and toddlers master challenging tasks. A variety of infant intelligence tests have been devised to measure individual differences in early mental development. Although most predict later performance poorly, those that emphasize recognition memory and object permanence show better predictability. Home and day care environments as well as early interventions for at-risk youngsters exert powerful influences on intellectual progress. The rapid language development that occurs during the first 2 years is viewed very differently by behaviorist and natives theories. Combining them, the interactions view suggests that both innate abilities and environmental influences combine to produce children’s language achievements. Infants prepare for language in many ways during the first year. Then first words appear
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