The approaches are named: “Separate but Equal”, “Tossed Salad”, “Nothing Buttery”, and “Spoiling the Egyptians”. The “Separate but Equal” approach states that psychology and theology are both important but are two different entities. His thoughts were that the two doctrines should never intertwine when helping clients. In the “Tossed Salad” approach, therapists make use of both psychology and theology by combining parts of two doctrines. However, when using this approach little value is given to the fact that some of the psychology tends to contradict with theology beliefs.
1.2 Explain their own philosophical approach to counselling The Oxford English dictionary defines philosophy (in this context) as follows: Philosophy (noun):(phil|oso¦phy) A theory or attitude that acts as a guiding principle for behaviour: “don’t expect anything and you won’t be disappointed, that’s my philosophy”. Central to Carl Rogers’ humanistic theory is the philosophy that “the client has the answers. The therapist's job is to lead the client toward this self-knowledge”. (Rogers, 1951). Specific assessment techniques and the therapist's opinion are therefore considered unimportant in this approach.
People are not separate parts, but are complex integrated beings. For Christian counseling this approach does not hold a Biblical basis to develop one’s theory of counseling. As stated by Crabb (1977) “to create a wall between Scripture and psychology and to assume that the two disciplines are Separate but Equal, must be rejected firmly as an inaccurate reflection of biblical
The following piece of work will explore and analyse one particular aspect of teaching and assessing a pre-registration student(student) in a mental health unit setting. The overall aim of the teaching session was for the student to gain a greater understanding of the use of Electro Convulsive Therapy (ECT) and be able to competently prepare the patient for the procedure, support the patient during and after the procedure with supervision from experienced staff. I was aware of the varying preconceived beliefs and ideas that the student may have regarding the procedure which led me to think carefully about what I was doing and saying, and also whether the student would become too stressed or upset by the procedure. The teaching session took place following the compulsory admission under section 3 of the mental health act (1983) of an extremely depressed man. He had been prescribed ECT twice weekly, and although he was not in compliance with this, Section 3 of the Mental Health Act (1983) allows compulsory treatment if it is felt to be in the best interests of the patient.
Carl Rogers is the foremost developer of this type of therapy, which is centered on the client. He believed that people are very capable of self realization and self actualization if given the right atmosphere. Rogers changed his major several times in college before settling in to study clinical psychology. He, like many philosophers before him, drew his deep passion for the study of people from his own experiences as a child in the family circle. One of the principals Rogers believed in to the core was that he didn’t have all the answers and his theory wasn’t the end all.
Ellis learned to confront his problems and stated he, “developed a growing indifference to that dereliction” (Abrams & Abrams, 2005). He used cognitive distraction such as reading, imagining different scenarios, or engaging in conversations with someone to prevent himself from focusing on negative thoughts related to his neglect and feelings of sadness (Ellis & Joffe-Ellis, 2011). Ellis was an excellent student who was particularly interested in both ancient and modern philosophy and psychology. He critically analyzed the readings and often experimented with various aspects of each through self-application. His experimentation proved
Essay Title “Evaluate the claim that Person-Centred Therapy offers the therapist all that he/she will need to treat clients2. Introduction In this essay I will be evaluating the theory that Person Centred Therapy offers the therapist all that he/she will need to treat clients. Firstly I will be reviewing the core conditions that Carl Rogers emphasised are essential for Person Centreed Therapy and look at how each once is used. I will then review the advantages and disadvantages/pros and cons of Person Centred Therapy based on my reseach and in class practice. This will enable me to present my conclusion as to whether Person Centred Therapy offers the therapist all that is needed to treat clients.
This approach can be used for substance abusers, or people with severe disorders that impair their ability to function in normal living. Therapeutic Goal The goal for the therapist is to translate his or her psychodynamic understanding and emotional experience of the client and the team into clinical interventions that have a practical, positive and measurable effect on the client's ability to plan and pursue his or her life. Treatment Strategies In all of their work with clients, milieu therapists draw upon a psychodynamic understanding of client experience and behavior. For example, in response to a client who is persistently disruptive in therapy groups, the milieu therapist might offer an interpretation, set a limit or ask the client to leave, encourage other group members to give the client feedback on the effect of the behavior on the group, and/or call upon the rest of the staff to consider what is being expressed for the client group through this behavior. Similarly, when a client refuses to apply for a job, after agreeing to do so as part of his or her treatment plan, the milieu therapist must determine the most effective intervention.
This allowed our class to become informed on the process of admitting a patient in the field. Our class gained an understanding of the process of providing substance abuse services to clients. We learned the importance of prioritizing a client’s treatment plan. Our insight also included understanding the different treatment stages and familiarizing ourselves with local agencies offering treatment by looking up agencies and resources using 211, the phonebook and the internet. We gained an understanding of peer pressure in adolescents and discussed prevention programs created to teach adolescents the skills needed to make good decisions.
The most influential philosophers related to continental philosophy are Martin Heidegger and Jean-Paul Sartre (Moore & Bruder, 2011). Some themes of existentialism are traditional and academic philosophies are sterile from the concerns of real life, the world is irrational, and the world is absurd in the sense that there are not explanations that can be given for the way that it is. The above are not all the themes for this school of thought but there are the most compelling (Moore & Bruder, 2011). The second type philosophy is known is pragmatic. Pragmatic philosophy is a type of philosophy that rejects the idea that there is such a thing as absolute truth (Moore & Bruder, 2011).